• SungYong LeeEmail author
Part of the Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies book series (RCS)


This opening chapter offers readers an introduction to the main theme: development of local peacebuilding models in Southeast Asia; as well as the key conceptual and analytical framework and the case studies. The core question of this study is “Is it ever possible for authentic local ownership to be developed under the strong influence and advocacy of external intervention?” Moreover, a few subordinate questions are: “Through what strategies do local peacebuilders develop their own models of peacebuilding? How different are they from the liberal models? What are their significance and limitations as locally-owned peacebuildings?” After introducing the questions, this chapter overviews three theoretical discussions that offer the analytical framework for the forthcoming case studies: local ownership, hybrid peace and everyday peace. Through this analysis, it will be highlighted that the development of local models of peacebuilding is understood as a gradual and positive process through which local peacebuilders can challenge external intervention. Moreover, this book will attempt to move beyond a binary conceptualisation of peacebuilding as a process characterised by an external/indigenous dichotomy and instead aims to analyse peacebuilding as a more flexible and dynamic process. Following this, it gives a concise explanation of the analytical foci of this study, highlighting the interaction of local grassroots agencies vis-à-vis external actors. The different meanings of ‘local’ will be briefly touched upon in this context and it will be clarified.


Local ownership Hybrid peace Everyday peace 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand

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