Global Security Regimes and International Law

  • Veronika BílkováEmail author


Global security regulation encompasses various global security regimes (GSR). GSR are regulatory frameworks based on a particular category of norms, which seek to eliminate or regulate, by means of the instruments of international and domestic law, the involvement of States and non-state actors in certain activities. The chapter discusses the relationship between GSR and international law. Building upon the concept of legalization introduced by liberal scholars and drawing from four case studies (GSR against genocide, piracy, whale hunting and drugs), the chapter argues that GSR are all legalized but that the degree of their legalization differs. It also shows that there is no obvious link between this degree and the nature and strength of the regime.


Global security regimes International law Legalization Norms 


  1. Abbott, K. W., & Snidal, D. (2013). Law, Legalization and Politics: An Agenda for the Next Generation of IR-IL Scholars. In J. L. Dunoff & M. A. Pollack (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Perspectives on International Law and International Relations: The State of the Art (pp. 35–36). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Articles 40–41 of Draft Articles on the Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts (DARS).Google Scholar
  3. Articles 42(b)(ii) and 48(1)(a) of DARS.Google Scholar
  4. Articles 42(b)(ii) and 48(1)(b) of DARS.Google Scholar
  5. Belanger, L., & Fontaine-Skronski, K. (2012). ‘Legalization’ in International Relations: A Conceptual Analysis. Social Science Information, 51(2), 251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Campbell, R. G., & Sato, H. (2009). Examination of a Global Prohibition Regime: A Comparative Study of Japanese and US Newspapers on the Issue of Tobacco Regulation. International Communication Gazette, 71(3), 161–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dunoff, J. L., & Pollack, M. A. (Eds.). (2013). Interdisciplinary Perspectives on International Law and International Relations: The State of the Art. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Fitzmaurice, M. (2015). Whaling and International Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Gardner, M. (2012). Piracy Prosecutions in National Courts. Journal of International Criminal Justice, 10(4), 797–821.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. George, A. L., & Bannett, A. (2005). Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  11. Goldstein, J., Kahler, M., Keohane, R. O., & Slaughter, A. (2000). Introduction: Legalization and World Politics. International Organization, 54(3), 385–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. ICC. (2015, March 26). Prosecutor v. Omar Hassan Ahmad Al Bashir, Case No. ICC-02/05-01/09, Fact Sheet.Google Scholar
  13. ICJ. (2014, March 31). Whaling in the Antarctic (Australia v. Japan: New Zealand Intervening), Judgment.Google Scholar
  14. Inal, T. (2013). Looting and Rape in Wartime: Law and Change in International Relations. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  15. International Organization. (2000). 54(3), Special Issue on Legalization and World Politics.Google Scholar
  16. Kaldor, M. (2007). Human Security. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  17. Keohane, R. O., & Nye, J. S. (1977). Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition. Boston: Little, Brown.Google Scholar
  18. Keohane, R. O., & Nye, J. S. (1987). Power and Interdependence Revisited. International Organization, 41(4): 725–753.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kolb, R. (2015). Peremptory International Law—Jus Cogens: A General Inventory. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  20. Krasner, S. D. (1982). Structural Causes and Regime Consequences: Regimes as Intervening Variables. International Organization, 36(2), 185–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lemkin, R. (1933). Les actes constituant un danger général (interétatique) considérés comme délits de droit des gens. Paris: Pedone.Google Scholar
  22. McAllister, W. B. (2000). Drug Diplomacy in the Twentieth Century: An International History. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  23. Nadelmann, E. A. (1990). Global Prohibition Regimes: The Evolution of Norms in International Society. International Organization, 44(4), 479–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Orakhelashvili, A. (2006). Peremptory Norms in International Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Quigley, J. (2006). The Genocide Convention: An International Law Analysis. Burlington: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  26. Schabas, W. A. (2000). Genocide in International Law: The Crime of Crimes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Shearer, I. (2012). Piracy. In R. Wolfrum (Ed.), The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Vol. VII, p. 320). Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Singh, S. (2012). Non-proliferation Law and Countermeasures. In Daniel H. Joyner & M. Roscini (Eds.), Nonproliferation Law as a Special Regime (pp. 196–249). Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  29. UN Doc. A/RES/64/71. (2010, March 12). Oceans and the Law of the Sea, par. 69.Google Scholar
  30. UN Doc. S/RES/1950. (2010, November 23). Acts of Piracy and Armed Robbery Against Vessels in the Waters Off the Coast of Somalia, par. 3 and 7.Google Scholar
  31. UN Doc. S/RES/2018. (2011, October 31). Acts of Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea Off the Coast of the States of the Gulf of Guinea, par. 5.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of International Relations PraguePragueCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations