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Liver Disease pp 279-289 | Cite as

Reactivation of Hepatitis B

  • Perica Davitkov
  • Yngve Falck-YtterEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Hepatitis B (HBV) is one of the most common viral infections of the liver worldwide. There are more than two billion people that have been infected, four million acute cases per year, and one million deaths per year. Out of those, 350–400 million are chronic carriers, and 25% of carriers die from chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, or liver cancer.

Keywords

Hepatitis B Hepatitis B reactivation Cirrhosis Screening Prophylactic treatment 

Notes

Disclosure

The authors of this manuscript have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Further Reading

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  2. 2.
    Huang H, Li XY, Li HR, et al. Preventing hepatitis B reactivation in HBsAg-positive patients with untreated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with R-CHOP chemotherapy: a prospective study to compare entecavir and lamivudine. J Clin Oncol. 2013;31:8503–3.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Martin P, Lau DT, Nguyen MH, et al. A treatment algorithm for the management of chronic hepatitis B virus infection in the United States: 2015 update. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2015;13:2071–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Perrillo RP, Gish R, Falck-Ytter Y. American Gastroenterological Association Institute technical review on prevention and treatment of hepatitis B virus reactivation during immunosuppressive drug therapy. Gastroenterology. 2015 Jan;148(1):221–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Reddy KR, Beavers KL, Hammond SP, Lim JK, Falck-Ytter YT, AGA Institute. American Gastroenterological Association Institute guideline on the prevention and treatment of hepatitis B virus reactivation during immunosuppressive drug therapy. Gastroenterology. 2015 Jan;148(1):215–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Weinbaum CM, Williams I, Mast EE, et al. Recommendations for identification and public health management of persons with chronic hepatitis B virus infection. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2008;57(RR-8):120.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Louis Stokes VA Medical CenterClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Case Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  3. 3.Digestive Health Institute, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical CenterClevelandUSA

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