Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary cancer of the liver. It generally arises in patients with underlying cirrhosis. Screening and surveillance can be used to identify HCC. Many treatment modalities exist for HCC. In this chapter, we describe a case of a cirrhotic patient found to have HCC. We discuss screening strategies, diagnostic criteria, and treatment options for HCC.
KeywordsLiver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system Liver transplantation Resection Locoregional therapy RFA Microwave ablation (MWA) Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) Transarterial radioembolization (TARE) Irreversible electroporation (IRE) Percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) Cryoablation
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