This chapter outlines the findings of the book and their significance. It argues that group identity remains important in both parts of Ireland and as important for those who change as for those who do not. Ordinary citizens use the cultural resources of nationality and the values embedded in religious ‘ethical life’ to push towards more open and dialogic relationships and to create better forms of national—if not nationalist—politics. The task in post-conflict societies is to formulate norms which encourage autonomous identity change and open dialogue. The challenge to articulate such norms is relevant beyond the Irish cases.
KeywordsNationality Nationalism Patterns and traps of identity change Policy Constitutional norms
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