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Chronic Lower Extremity Ischemia

  • Afsha Aurshina
  • Anil Hingorani
Chapter

Abstract

The diagnosis and clinical management of chronic limb ischemia are based on proper assessment of patient symptoms and signs as noted from the history and physical exam. Ankle-brachial index is the best initial test to confirm diagnosis of chronic ischemia. The final management strategy is based on further diagnostic/invasive tests and includes both endovascular and open revascularization options.

Keywords

Chronic limb ischemia Revascularization Gangrene Arterial occlusion 

References

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    Gerhard-Herman MD, Gornik HL, Barrett C, Barshes NR, Corriere MA, Drachman DE, et al. 2016 AHA/ACC guideline on the management of patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association task force on clinical practice guidelines. Circulation. 2017;135(12):e726–e79.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Afsha Aurshina
    • 1
  • Anil Hingorani
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Vascular SurgeryVascular Institute of New YorkBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.Division of Vascular ServicesNYU Langone Hospital-BrooklynBrooklynUSA

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