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Tracheoesophageal Fistula

  • Rachel E. Hanke
  • Morgan K. Moroi
  • Robert E. CilleyEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

There are five esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) anomalies. Type C: EA with distal TEF is most common. Infants typically have excessive drooling, choking, regurgitation, and/or respiratory distress at birth. Physical exam may reveal associated anomalies including VACTERL syndrome. Surgical division and repair of TEF with repair of the esophagus is the mainstay of treatment. Thoracoscopic repair and open thoracotomy (using either trans-pleural or extra-pleural approaches) are used for TEF division/repair and EA repair.

Keywords

Esophageal atresia Tracheoesophageal fistula Newborn surgery 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rachel E. Hanke
    • 1
  • Morgan K. Moroi
    • 1
  • Robert E. Cilley
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryPenn State Milton S. Hershey Medical CenterHersheyUSA

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