Advertisement

Thyroiditis

  • Lukasz CzerwonkaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Thyroid inflammation or “thyroiditis” has a wide spectrum of etiologies including bacterial and viral infections, drug reactions, and autoimmune disease. The specific etiology can be narrowed down by determining the presence of pain and the acuity of symptoms. Treatment ranges from medications such as antibiotics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and thyroid hormone to surgical drainage or decompression.

Keywords

De Quervain Hashimoto’s Reidel’s Suppurative thyroiditis Painless thyroiditis Postpartum thyroiditis 

References

  1. 1.
    Paes JE, Burman KD, Cohen J, Franklyn J, McHenry CR, Shoham S, et al. Acute bacterial suppurative thyroiditis: a clinical review and expert opinion. Thyroid. 2010;20(3):247–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fatourechi V, Aniszewski JP, Fatourechi GZE, Atkinson EJ, Jacobsen SJ. Clinical features and outcome of subacute thyroiditis in an incidence cohort: Olmsted County, Minnesota, study. J Clin Endocrinol Metabol. 2003;88(5):2100–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ranganath R, Shaha MA, Xu B, Migliacci J, Ghossein R, Shaha AR. de Quervain’s thyroiditis: a review of experience with surgery. Am J Otolaryngol. 2016;37(6):534–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pearce EN, Farwell AP, Braverman LE. Thyroiditis. N Engl J Med. 2003;348(26):2646–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sweeney LB, Stewart C, Gaitonde DY. Thyroiditis: an integrated approach. Am Fam Physician. 2014;90(6):389–96.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jonklaas J, Bianco AC, Bauer AJ, Burman KD, Cappola AR, Celi FS, et al. Guidelines for the treatment of hypothyroidism: prepared by the American Thyroid Association Task Force on thyroid hormone replacement. Thyroid. 2014;24(12):1670–751.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck SurgeryStony Brook University HospitalStony BrookUSA

Personalised recommendations