Advertisement

Hyperthyroidism

  • Ewen Chao
  • Lukasz CzerwonkaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Hyperthyroidism can present in a wide range of severity from subclinical disease to life-threatening thyroid storm requiring prompt treatment. Workup for thyroidal causes involves either radioactive iodine uptake scanning or testing for thyroid receptor antibodies. There are a variety of treatment options including thyroid surgery, radioactive iodine, and antithyroidal medications.

Keywords

Thyroid storm Lugol’s solution Wolff-Chaikoff effect Toxic goiter Graves’ disease 

References

  1. 1.
    Arnold BM, Casal G, Higgins HP. Apathetic thyrotoxicosis. Can Med Assoc J. 1974;111(9):957–8.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ross DS, Burch HB, Cooper DS, Greenlee MC, Laurberg P, Maia AL, et al. 2016 American Thyroid Association Guidelines for diagnosis and management of hyperthyroidism and other causes of thyrotoxicosis. Thyroid. 2016;26(10):1343–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Burch HB, Wartofsky L. Life-threatening thyrotoxicosis. Thyroid storm. Endocrinol Metab Clin N Am. 1993;22(2):263–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    McKee A, Peyerl F. TSI assay utilization: impact on costs of Graves’ hyperthyroidism diagnosis. Am J Manag Care. 2012;18(1):e1–14.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Genovese BM, Noureldine SI, Gleeson EM, Tufano RP, Kandil E. What is the best definitive treatment for Graves’ disease? A systematic review of the existing literature. Ann Surg Oncol. 2013;20(2):660–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liu ZW, Masterson L, Fish B, Jani P, Chatterjee K. Thyroid surgery for Graves’ disease and Graves’ ophthalmopathy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;11:CD010576.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck SurgeryStony Brook University HospitalStony BrookUSA

Personalised recommendations