Advertisement

Influence of Space Weather on the Bioelectrical Activity of the Human Brain

  • Oleg Novik
  • Feodor Smirnov
  • Maxim Volgin
Chapter

Abstract

A study was performed to investigate the influence of geomagnetic storms at the latitude of Moscow on the electrical activity of the human cerebral cortex. It was shown by electroencephalographic (EEG) measurements that when healthy volunteers aged 18–23 years were performing tasks on a computer during a moderate geomagnetic storm or within 24 h after it, the coherence function values for electrical oscillations in the frontal polar and occipital areas of their brains in the 4.0- to 7.9-Hz range (theta rhythm) decreased typically by a factor of two or more (relative to the values during quiet geomagnetic conditions), although the arterial blood pressure, respiratory rate, and electrocardiographic features registered in parallel did not deviate from their norms.

Keywords

Electro-neurophysiological effect Geomagnetic storms EEG time series 

References

  1. Aamodt, S., & Wang, S. (2008). Welcome to your brain. London, Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  2. Babaev, E. S., & Allahverdiyeva, A. A. (2005). Geomagnetic storms and their influence on the human brain functional state. Revista CENIC Ciencias Biologicas, 36 (No especial).Google Scholar
  3. Breus, T. K., & Rappoport, S. I. (2003). Magnetic storms, medical, biological, and geophysical aspects (In Russian: Magnytnyie buri, medikobiologycheskye I geophysychyskie aspekty). Moscow: Sovyetskyi Sport.Google Scholar
  4. Chyzhevsky, A. L. (1995). Cosmic pulse of life (In Russian: Kosmichesky puls zhizny). Moscow: Mysl.Google Scholar
  5. Haken, H. (1996). Principles of brain functioning. A synergetic approach to brain activity, behavior and cognition. Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  6. Merzlyy, A. M., Poskotinova, L. V., Demin, D. B., & Krivonogova, E. V. (2012). The results of experiment on the influence of earth’s magnetic field on the parameters of brain electrical activity. In International conference on space weather effects on humans: In space and on earth. Book of abstracts, SWH 2.24. Moscow: Space Research Institute of RAS.Google Scholar
  7. Novik, O. B., & Smirnov, F. A. (2007). A magnetic storm decreases the coherence function of the time series of oscillations of electric potentials of the cerebral cortex during implementation of the proof-reading test. In Fifth international aerospace congress (IAC-06) proceedings (pp. 361–364). Moscow: Russian Space Agency.Google Scholar
  8. Novik, O. B., & Smirnov, F. A. (2008a). A magnetic storm affects electric potentials of a human brain. Sun-terrestrial Physics, 12, 352–353. (Original Russian journal title: Солнечно-земная физика).Google Scholar
  9. Novik, O. B., & Smirnov, F. A. (2008b). Magnetic storm decreases coherence of oscillations of electric potentials of a human brain. In International conference GEOCOSMOS – 2008 (pp. 115–116). Book of abstracts, S.-Petersburg.Google Scholar
  10. Novik, O. B., & Smirnov, F. A. (2015). The brain reaction on geomagnetic storms. In 11th international scientific and practical conference on manned space flights (pp. 449–450). Oral presentation, Book of abstracts (CD), Yu, A. Gagarin Research & Test Cosmonaut Training Center, Zvezdniy Gorodok, Moscow region. (In Russian: Реакция головного мозга на геомагнитные бури. 11-ая Международная Научно-Практическая Конференция «Пилотируемые полеты в космос», Устный доклад, Тезисы доклада (CД), стр. 449–450. ФГБУ «НИИ ЦПК им. Ю.А. Гагарина», Звездный городок, Московская область).Google Scholar
  11. Pobachenko, S. V., & Kolesnik, A. G. (2012). Comparative estimation of dynamics of human brain activity in different gelio-geophysics conditions according around the clock monitoring. In International conference on space weather effects on humans: in space and on earth. Book of Abstracts, SWH 2.24. Moscow: Space Research Institute of RAS.Google Scholar
  12. Smirnov, F. A. (2007). Magnetic storm is decreasing coherence of electric potentials of the brain when it is functioning. In International conference on international heliophysical year 2007. New insight into solar-terrestrial physics (IHY2007-NITSP), Book of abstracts. Moscow: Zvenigorod.Google Scholar
  13. Vladymyrsky, B. M., Temuryantz, N. A., & Martynyuk, V. S. (2004). Cosmic weather and our life. (In Russian: Kosmicheskaya pogoda i nasha zhizn. Fryazino: Vek 2, 2004. p. 217).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oleg Novik
    • 1
  • Feodor Smirnov
    • 1
  • Maxim Volgin
    • 1
  1. 1.IZMIRAN of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations