Marsupials and Other Metatheres of South America

  • Thomas Defler
Part of the Topics in Geobiology book series (TGBI, volume 42)


Marsupials and other metatherians apparently arrived in South America before the beginning of the Paleogene, at the end of the Cretaceous. The earliest relatives of Australian marsupials, the Microbiotheria, appear in the earliest assemblage. The carnivorous sparassodonts evolved the largest metatherian predators known, such as the 600 kg Proborhyaena, as well as the jaguar-sized saber-toothed marsupial Thylacosmilus. Many of these poorly known marsupial predators are well-illustrated by Roman Uchytel.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Defler
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyNational University of Colombia, BogotaBogotaColombia

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