• Thomas Defler
Part of the Topics in Geobiology book series (TGBI, volume 42)


This is a brief description of the roles played by various early collectors and describers of ancient bones in South America. The chapter briefly describes the tools that are necessary to interpret the evolutionary history of South American mammals including the problem of calculating geological time, stratification, radiometric dating, paleomagnetism, the establishment of SALMAs (South American Land Mammal Ages), the geological time scale (and table), plate tectonics and the distribution of fauna, the role of Alfred Wegener, continental drift, and molecular phylogenetic research.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Defler
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyNational University of Colombia, BogotaBogotaColombia

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