• David G. Ingram
  • Susan C. M. Crane
  • Ann C. HalbowerEmail author


Information derived from polysomnography (PSG) provides essential elements for the diagnosis of multiple sleep disorders and therefore is performed commonly in the clinical practice of pediatric sleep medicine. In this chapter, we review the basics of PSG setup, scoring of sleep and its events, standard indications for testing, and interpretation of results. In addition, we provide a more focused discussion for selected neurodevelopmental disorders, as well as practical advice on preparing patients for the night of their sleep study. Beyond standard overnight PSG, we consider the role of specialized testing such as the multiple sleep latency test, maintenance of wakefulness test, and extended PSG in the clinical evaluation of patients. Throughout, areas of uncertainty and possible future directions are highlighted, such as alternative measures of work of breathing and sleep disturbance. Sleep testing remains in flux and an exciting arena for developing improved tools and metrics.


Polysomnogram Sleep architecture Work of breathing REM sleep Non-REM sleep PSG montage Infant sleep Limb movements MSLT Extended sleep monitoring 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • David G. Ingram
    • 1
  • Susan C. M. Crane
    • 2
  • Ann C. Halbower
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Pulmonary and Sleep MedicineChildren’s Mercy HospitalKansas CityUSA
  2. 2.PulmonaryChildren’s Hospital ColoradoAuroraUSA
  3. 3.PediatricsUniversity of Colorado School of MedicineAuroraUSA

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