Morbidity and Mortality of Acute Mesenteric Ischemia: How Can Emergency Medicine Clinicians Impact Outcomes?
Acute mesenteric ischemia is a relatively uncommon condition with a very high mortality. Emergency medicine physicians can limit these adverse outcomes by maintaining a high suspicion in those patients with abdominal pain and risk factors. Avoiding and preventing delays in making a diagnosis is paramount in those patients with suspected acute mesenteric ischemia. Early surgical involvement for definitive management, including revascularization and/or removal of ischemic bowel, within the first 12 h can improve outcome. Despite the high mortality of this disease, those patients who undergo early, successful intervention have relatively little morbidity secondary to this disease.
KeywordsMesenteric ischemia Morbidity Mortality Emergency department