What Are the Different Types of Bariatric Surgeries/Procedures and the Unique, Clinically Relevant Features of Each?
Obesity is a global epidemic, affecting an increasing number of Americans. It has been associated with an increased incidence of comorbid conditions affecting quality of life as well as life expectancy. Because bariatric surgery has been shown to be superior to conventional therapy (e.g., diet, lifestyle modifications, medications) in reducing body mass index and improving comorbidities, bariatric surgeries and procedures are increasingly common. Bariatric surgical interventions promote weight loss by causing intestinal malabsorption and/or restricting gastric volume. They may also affect hormonal controls for appetite and satiety such as ghrelin, peptide YY, and glucagon-like peptide 1 and alter gut flora.
KeywordsGastric bypass Roux-en-Y Biliary pancreatic diversion Sleeve gastrectomy Gastric banding LAGB Intragastric balloon
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