Hierarchies, Division, and Exclusion
This chapter examines the impact hierarchies may have on peacebuilding and reconciliation processes, and in particular those hierarchies structured according to moral and intergroup claims about victimhood and violence. Here, it brings full circle the argument that exclusive constructions of victims and perpetrators may compromise thicker reconciliation by demonstrating how hierarchies resonating with the victim-perpetrator paradigm reinforce societal divisions and exclude complex victims from acknowledgement. Political appropriation of these hierarchies further exacerbates division and exclusion, proving damaging for individual victims as well as prospects for societal reconciliation. The on-going campaign to secure a pension for those who were severely physically injured as a result of the conflict serves to illustrate the detrimental outworking of these hierarchies in the political arena.
KeywordsVictims Hierarchy Division Exclusion Reconciliation
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