Advertisement

Introduction: Stevenson and Early Photography in the Pacific Islands

  • Carla Manfredi
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Nineteenth-Century Writing and Culture book series (PNWC)

Abstract

The introduction poses two questions that run throughout the book: what motivated Stevenson’s photography and what were the circumstances in which photography took place during his family’s travels? The study contributes to the field of Stevenson studies and it enriches scholarship on Victorian travel literature, and the history of photography generally. The book grounds Stevenson’s photographic and literary practice in late-nineteenth-century Pacific Island history and contextualizes his writing and photography as a response to places, people, and politics. Building on current studies of colonial photography, however, it also offers readings of photographs that emphasize Islander agency and the medium’s potential to produce a counter-colonial discourse that challenges the assumed correlation between ideology and image.

References

Manuscripts

  1. Osbourne, Lloyd. Correspondence to Charles Baxter. 1888. GEN MSS. 664, 5267. The Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University.Google Scholar
  2. Stevenson, Robert Louis. Photographs taken by Lloyd Osbourne. Undated. GEN MSS. 664, 6717. The Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University.Google Scholar
  3. Stevenson, Robert Louis. Photographs. Undated. GEN MSS. 664, 6715. The Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University.Google Scholar
  4. Stevenson, Robert Louis. An Unpublished Letter Written by Robert Louis Stevenson on Early California Photography. With greetings of the season from Marjory and Francis Farquhar, 1938. 1886. 237853. The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.Google Scholar
  5. Strong, Joseph Dwight. Correspondence from Isobel Field (Osbourne) to Charles Warren Stoddard. 1890. HM. 37991. The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.Google Scholar

Published Works by Robert Louis Stevenson and Fanny Van de Grift Stevenson

  1. Stevenson, Fanny Van de Grift. 2004. The Cruise of the ‘Janet Nichol’ Among the South Seas Islands. Ed. Roslyn Jolly. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press.Google Scholar
  2. Stevenson, Margaret Isabella Balfour. 1903. From Saranac to the Marquesas and Beyond. Ed. Marie Clothilde Balfour. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.Google Scholar
  3. Stevenson, Robert Louis. 1994–1995. The Letters of Robert Louis Stevenson. Eds. Bradforth Booth and Ernest Mehew. 8 Vols. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar

Secondary Sources

  1. Amiot, Isabelle. 2006. The Tiby Hagen Collection of the Archives of New Caledonia. The Journal of Pacific History 4 (2): 227–232.Google Scholar
  2. Annear, Judy, ed. 1997. Portraits of Oceania. New South Wales: The Art Gallery of New South Wales.Google Scholar
  3. Banks, Marcus, and Richard Vokes. 2010. Introduction: Anthropology, Photography and the Archive. History and Anthropology 21 (4): 337–349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Batchen, Geoffrey. 2004. Forget Me Not: Photography and Remembrance. Princeton: Princeton Architectural Press.Google Scholar
  5. Batty, Philip, Lindy Allen, and John Morton, eds. 2007. The Photographs of Baldwin Spencer. Carlton: Miegunyah Press.Google Scholar
  6. Buckton, Oliver. 2007. Cruising with Robert Louis Stevenson: Travel, Narrative, and the Colonial Body. Athens: Ohio University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Chaudhary, Zahid R. 2012. Afterimage of Empire: Photography in Nineteenth-Century India. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Colley, Ann C. 2004. Robert Louis Stevenson and the Colonial Imagination. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  9. Davis, Lynn Ann. 2008. Hawaii. In Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography. Ed. John Hannavy, 639–641. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Davis, Lynn Ann, and David W. Forbes. 2001. B. Jay Antrim: American Daguerreian in the Hawaiian Islands. History of Photography 25 (3): 252–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Davies, Alan. 2004. An Eye for Photography: The Camera in Australia. Carlton: Melbourne University Publishing.Google Scholar
  12. Denoon, Donald. 1997. New Economic Orders: Land, Labour and Dependency. In The Cambridge History of the Pacific Islanders. Eds. Stewart Firth Denoon, Jocelyn Linnekin, Malama Meleisea, and Karen Nero, 218–252. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Di Bello, Patrizia. 2007. Women’s Albums and Photography in Victorian England: Ladies, Mothers and Flirts. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  14. Dryden, Linda. 2011. Literary Affinities and the Postcolonial in Stevenson and Conrad. In Scottish Literature and Postcolonial Literature. Eds. Michael Gardiner, Graeme Macdonald, and Niall O’Gallagher, 86–98. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Edmond, Rod. 1997. Representing the Pacific: Colonial Discourse from Cook to Gauguin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Edwards, Elizabeth. 1992. Photography and Anthropology, 1860–1920. Ed. Edwards. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  17. ———. 2001. Raw Histories: Photographs, Anthropology and Museums. Oxford: Berg.Google Scholar
  18. ———. 2008. Anthropology. In Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography. Ed. John Hannavy, 50–54. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Ennis, Helen. 2007. Photography and Australia. London: Reaktion Books.Google Scholar
  20. Forbes, David W. 1992. Encounters with Paradise: Views of Hawaii and Its People, 1778–1941. Honolulu: Honolulu Academy of Arts.Google Scholar
  21. Gardner, Helen, and Jude Philp. 2006. Photography and Christian Mission. The Journal of Pacific History 41 (2): 175–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Geary, Christaud, and Virginia Lee-Webb, eds. 1998. Delivering Views: Distant Cultures in Early Postcards. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.Google Scholar
  23. Haley, Jill. 2017. The Colonial Family Album: Photography and Identity in Otago, 1848–1890. PhD diss., University of Otago.Google Scholar
  24. Hempenstall, Peter. 1994. Imperial Manoeuvres. In Tides of History: The Pacific Islands in the Twentieth Century. Eds. K.R. Howe, R.C. Kiste, and B.V. Lal, 29–39. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press.Google Scholar
  25. Hight, Eleanor M., and Gary D. Sampson, eds. 2002. Colonialist Photography: Imag(in)ing Race and Place. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  26. Hill, Richard J. 2017. Robert Louis Stevenson and the Pictorial Text: A Case Study in the Victorian Illustrated Novel. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  27. Hillier, Robert Irwin. 1989. The South Seas Fiction of Robert Louis Stevenson. New York: Lang.Google Scholar
  28. Issler, Anne Roller. 1949. Happier for His Presence: San Francisco and Robert Louis Stevenson. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Jolly, Roslyn. 2009. Robert Louis Stevenson in the Pacific: Travel, Empire, and the Author’s Profession. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  30. Kaeppler, Adrienne L. 2001. Encounters with Greatness: Collecting Hawaiian Monarchs and Aristocrats. History of Photography25(3): 259–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Langford, Martha. 2001. Suspended Conversations: The Afterlife of Memory in Photographic Albums. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Lapierre, Alexandra. 1995. Fanny Stevenson: A Romance of Destiny. Trans. Carol Cosman. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc.Google Scholar
  33. Largeaud-Ortéga, Sylvie. 2013. A Scotsman’s Pacific: Shifting Identities in R. L. Stevenson’s Postcolonial Fiction. International Journal of Scottish Literature 9: 85–98.Google Scholar
  34. Linnekin, Jocelyn. 1997. Contending Approaches. In The Cambridge History of the Pacific Islanders. Eds. Donald Denoon, Stewart Firth, Jocelyn Linnekin, Malama Meleisea, and Karen Nero, 3–30. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Lydon, Jane. 2005. Eye Contact: Photographing Indigenous Australians. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Mackay, Margaret. 1968. The Violent Friend: The Story of Mrs. Robert Louis Stevenson. New York City: Doubleday & Company.Google Scholar
  37. Maitland, Gordon. 1988. The Two Sides of the Camera Lens: Nineteenth-Century Photography and the Indigenous People of the Southwest Pacific. Photofile: South Pacific 6 (3): 47–59.Google Scholar
  38. Maxwell, Anne. 1999. Colonial Photography and Exhibitions: Representations of the ‘Native’ and the Making of European Identities. Leicester: Leicester University Press.Google Scholar
  39. ———. 2015. Picturing Collaboration: European Women Photographers and Indigenous Peoples in the Contestation of British and American Imperialism in the Pacific, 1890–1910. Conciliation on Colonial Frontiers: Conflict, Performance, and Commemoration. Eds. Karen Darian-Smith and Penelope Edmonds. Chapter 12. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  40. Morton, Christopher, and Elizabeth Edwards, eds. 2009. Photography, Anthropology and History: Expanding the Frame. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  41. Nordström, Alison Devine. 1995. Popular Photography of Samoa: Production, Dissemination, and Use. In Picturing Paradise: Colonial Photography of Samoa, 1875 to 1925. Ed. Casey Blanton, 11–40. Daytona: Daytona Beach Community College.Google Scholar
  42. Palmquist, Peter E., and Lincoln Kilian. 1987. Photographers of the Humboldt Bay Region 1875–1880. Vol. 4. Eureka, CA: Eureka Printing Company.Google Scholar
  43. ———. 1988. Photographers of the Humboldt Bay Region 1880–1885. Vol. 6. Eureka, CA: Eureka Printing Company.Google Scholar
  44. Peterson, Nicholas, and Christopher Pinney. 2003. Photography’s Other Histories. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  45. Phillips, Lawrence. 2012. The South Pacific Narratives of Robert Louis Stevenson and Jack London: Race, Class, Imperialism. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  46. Pinney, Christopher. 1998. Camera Indica: The Social Life of Indian Photographs. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  47. ———. 2008. The Coming of Photography in India. London: The British Library.Google Scholar
  48. Quanchi, Max. 2007. Photographing Papua: Representation, Colonial Encounters and Imaging in the Public Domain. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.Google Scholar
  49. Reid, Julia. 2006. Robert Louis Stevenson, Science, and the Fin de Siècle. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  50. Rose, Gillian. 2010. Doing Family Photography: The Domestic, the Public and the Politics of Sentiment. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  51. Ryan, James. 1997. Picturing Empire: Photography and the Visualization of the British Empire. Chicago: University of Chicago.Google Scholar
  52. Sanchez, Nellie Van de Grift. 1920. The Life of Mrs. Robert Louis Stevenson. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.Google Scholar
  53. Sandbye, Mette. 2014. Looking at the Family Photo Album: A Resumed Theoretical Discussion of How and Why. Journal of Aesthetics & Culture 6 (1). https://doi.org/10.3402/jac.v6.25419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Schmitt, Robert C. 1967. Notes on Hawaiian Photography before 1890. Hawaii Historical Review 2: 409–416.Google Scholar
  55. Schwartz, Joan, and James Ryan. 2003. Picturing Place: Photography and the Geographical Imagination. New York: I. B. Tauris.Google Scholar
  56. Simpson, Roddy. 2012. The Photography of Victorian Scotland. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Smith, Vanessa. 1998. Literary Culture and the Pacific: Nineteenth-Century Encounters. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  58. Stevenson, Sara. 2013. Robert Louis Stevenson and the Portrait Photographers. History of Photography 37 (3): 235–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Strassler, Karen. 2015. Beyond the ‘Savage Slot’: Ethnography and the National Identity Photograph. In Photography, History, Difference. Ed. Tanya Sheehan, 151–172. Lebanon: Dartmouth College Press.Google Scholar
  60. Stulik, Dusan C., and Art Kaplan. 2013. Albumen. Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation Institute.Google Scholar
  61. Thomas, Nicholas. 1991. Entangled Objects: Exchange, Material Culture, and Colonialism in the Pacific. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  62. ———. 2012. Islanders: The Pacific in the Age of Empire. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  63. Tréhin, Jean-Yves. 2003. Tahiti: L’Éden à l’épreuve de la photographie. Paris: Gallimard.Google Scholar
  64. Tyler, W.B. 1886. Exhibition of the Pacific Coast Amateur Photographic Association. Anthony’s Photographic Bulletin 17: 268–270.Google Scholar
  65. Wanhalla, Angela, and Erika Wolf, eds. 2011. Early New Zealand Photography: Images and Essays. Dunedin: Otago University Press.Google Scholar
  66. Welling, William. 1978. Photography in America: The Formative Years, 1839–1900. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company.Google Scholar
  67. Whybrew, Christine. 2011. ‘Reading’ Photographs: Burton Brothers and the Photographic Narrative. Communicating Culture in Colonial New Zealand. Eds. Tony Ballantyne, Lachy Peterson and Angela Wanhalla. Journal of New Zealand Studies 12: 77–89.Google Scholar
  68. Wolf, Erika. 2010. Shigeyuki Kihara’s Fa‘a fafine; In a Manner of a Woman: The Photographic Theater of Cross-Cultural Encounter. Pacific Arts 10 (2): 23–33.Google Scholar
  69. Wright, Christopher. 2013. The Echo of Things: The Lives of Photographs in the Solomon Islands. Durham: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carla Manfredi
    • 1
  1. 1.University of WinnipegWinnipegCanada

Personalised recommendations