Simulation in Plastic Surgery

  • Tanisha Hutchinson
  • Gregory Kelts
  • Peter A. Hilger
Part of the Comprehensive Healthcare Simulation book series (CHS)


The following chapter provides an overview of the several types of simulation being employed in plastic surgery education and medical practice. Modes of simulation range from inanimate two-dimensional models, to animal models, to fresh perfused human cadaver. Simulation models used in plastic surgery allow for practice of skin and soft tissue techniques, as well as detailed microsurgery. Advances over the years have allowed simulation to be useful not only in conceptual teaching but also in presurgical preparation. Simulation in plastic surgery continues to be explored as an assessment tool for medical trainees. The use of simulation in plastic surgery is still in its fairly early stages and will likely have vast implications in the future.


Simulation Plastic surgery Facial plastic surgery Microsurgery Benchtop model Craniosynostectomy Mammoplasty Virtual surgery 3-D printing 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tanisha Hutchinson
    • 1
  • Gregory Kelts
    • 2
  • Peter A. Hilger
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck SurgeryUniversity of Minnesota Medical CenterMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Department of OtolaryngologyUniversity of Minnesota Hospital and Clinics, Phillips-Wangensteen BuildingMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.Division of Facial Plastic SurgeryDepartment of Otolaryngology, University of Minnesota Fairview HospitalMinneapolisUSA

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