Theories of Sexual Crime Prevention
How we prevent sexual crime occurring in the first place rather than our only responding to abuse and sexual violence after it has occurred is increasingly being recognised as an urgent and significant issue in contemporary society. This chapter provides a foundation for considering this subject, examining the diversity of different situations that constitute sexual crimes and exploring early approaches to sexual violence prevention developed by grass-roots activist movements in the 1970s. The chapter looks at key definitions of terms used in contemporary approaches to prevention and provides an overview of developmental, situational, and community-based approaches. The chapter finishes by arguing that current theories of the aetiology of sexual offending have been under-utilised in the development of prevention programmes, although the literature concerning causal mechanisms associated with the emergence of sexual violence has generally downplayed issues in relation to gender.
KeywordsPrevention Sexual crime Sexual violence Child sexual abuse Theory
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