First Aid for Traumatised Front Teeth

  • Ronnie Levine
  • Catherine Stillman-Lowe
Part of the BDJ Clinician’s Guides book series (BDJCG)


Professionally made mouthguards should be worn during sporting activities.

If teeth are fractured, seek immediate dental help and avoid hot or cold liquids and foods. If a permanent tooth is knocked out and found, immediate reimplantation can be attempted but the tooth should be held by the crown and contact with the root should be avoided and no attempt should be made to physically clean or disinfect the tooth. Reimplantation should not be attempted for primary teeth, or if there is any doubt concerning the medical history of the individual. Otherwise, the tooth should be placed in a container of saliva, cold milk or contact lens soaking solution or, if available, Hank’s balanced salt solution and taken to a dentist.




  1. 1.
    Petersen PE. Oral health. In: Heggenhougen K, Quah S, editors. International encyclopedia of public health, vol. 4. San Diego: Academic Press; 2008. p. 677–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronnie Levine
    • 1
  • Catherine Stillman-Lowe
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Oral SurgeryUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK
  2. 2.ReadingUK

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