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Enhancing Physical Layer Security in Wireless Powered Communication Networks

  • Abbas Jamalipour
  • Ying Bi
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter starts with investigating the problem of secure transmission between a wireless-powered transmitter and a receiver in the presence of multiple eavesdroppers. To counteract eavesdropping, a transmission protocol named accumulate-then-transmit (ATT) is proposed. Specifically, the proposed protocol employs a multi-antenna power beacon (PB) to assist the transmitter with secure transmission. First, the PB transfers wireless power to charge the transmitter’s battery. After accumulating enough energy, the transmitter sends confidential information to the receiver, and simultaneously, the PB emits jamming signals (i.e., artificial noise) to interfere with the eavesdroppers. A key element of the protocol is the perfect CSI, with which the jamming signals can be deliberately designed to avoid disturbing the intended receiver. Based on the assumption that the eavesdroppers do not collude, the secrecy performance of the proposed protocol is evaluated in terms of secrecy outage probability and secrecy throughput. This study reveals that CJ is a critical enabler of PLS in WPCNs. After investigating the use of a multi-antenna PB with perfect CSI, we exploit the employment of a wireless-powered FD jammer to enhance the secrecy in the presence of CSI errors. Noteworthy, due to imperfect CSI, the jamming signals transmitted by the jammer yield undesired interference at the receiver. This study analyzes the impact of channel estimation error on the secrecy performance. Besides, due to the FD capability, the jammer is able to perform simultaneous jamming and energy harvesting. It hence makes the energy storage of the jammer experience concurrent charging and discharging. A hybrid energy storage system with finite capacity is adopted, and its long-term stationary distribution of the energy state is characterized through a finite-state Markov Chain. The secrecy performance of the proposed accumulate-and-jam (AnJ) protocol is evaluated to reveal its merits. Moreover, an alternative energy storage model with infinite capacity and the use of a wireless-powered HD jammer are also exploited to serve as benchmarks.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abbas Jamalipour
    • 1
  • Ying Bi
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of SydneySydneyAustralia

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