Advertisement

A Second “Fashoda”? Britain, India, and a French “Threat” in Oman at the End of the Nineteenth Century

  • Guillemette Crouzet
Chapter
Part of the Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series book series (CIPCSS)

Abstract

In the 1890s, France made a “comeback” in Oman and in the Western Indian Ocean that took various forms: the “Muscat French dhows” in the Western Indian Ocean and the Muscat coaling station manifest this renewed French imperialism. However, this reiterated French presence in Oman was a source of growing tensions between France and Britain just as London and Paris had begun the negotiations for the signature of the Entente Cordiale. This chapter highlights an episode that challenged the Franco-British rapprochement: the coaling-station affair. This chapter argues that this affair almost led to a new “Fashoda” in the sea of Oman. Resolved at France’s expense, this affair stands as an illustration of the strategic importance of Oman and the Gulf during the age of New Imperialism and of British India’s political autonomy from London.

Bibliography

Archival Sources

    Ministère des Affaires Etrangères, La Courneuve

    1. POO184, t. IV, 1899Google Scholar

    India Office Records, British Library

    1. IOR F 111/531Google Scholar
    2. IOR/L/PS/18/B119Google Scholar
    3. IOR/L/PS/18/B122Google Scholar
    4. IOR/Mss Eur F112/412Google Scholar
    5. IOR/R/15/1/401Google Scholar

Printed Sources

  1. Busch, Briton Cooper. 1967. Britain and the Persian Gulf, 1894–1914. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  2. Chassaigne, Philippe. 2009. La Grande-Bretagne et le monde de 1815 à nos jours. Paris: Armand Colin.Google Scholar
  3. Crouzet, Guillemette. 2015. Genèses du Moyen-Orient: Le golfe Persique à l’âge des impérialismes (c.1800–c.1914). Ceyzérieux: Champvallon.Google Scholar
  4. Curzon, George N. 1892. Persia and the Persian Question. Vol. 2. London: Longmans, Green & Co.Google Scholar
  5. Gavin, R. J. 1975. Aden under British Rule 1839–1967. London: C. Hurst & Co. Ltd.Google Scholar
  6. Ghubash, Hussein. 1998. Oman, une démocratie islamique millénaire: La tradition de l’imâmat: l’histoire politique moderne, 1500–1970. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose.Google Scholar
  7. Haudrère, Philippe. 2005. La Compagnie française des Indes au XVIIIe siècle. Paris: Les Indes Savantes.Google Scholar
  8. Kelly, J. B. 1968. Britain and the Persian Gulf, 1795–1880. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  9. Onley, James. 2007. The Arabian Frontier of the British Raj: Merchants, Rulers, and the British in the Nineteenth-Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Serodes, Fabrice. 2010. Anglophobie et politique de Fachoda à Mers el-Kébir: Visions françaises du monde britannique. Paris: L’Harmattan.Google Scholar
  11. Thomas, Martin, and Richard Toye. 2017. Arguing about Empire Imperial Rhetoric in Britain and France: 1882–1956. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Toussaint, Auguste. 1961. Histoire de l’océan Indien. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guillemette Crouzet
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HistoryUniversity of WarwickCoventryUK

Personalised recommendations