Clinical Assessment Tools

  • Jian Guan
  • Zoher GhogawalaEmail author


The prevalence of degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) in the population results in an outsized impact on global health. DCM is the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in the world. It is associated with a significant decline in patient-reported quality of life. Evaluation of patients with DCM is complex, frequently involving a combination of physical examination, electrophysiological testing, and advanced imaging. An increasingly important component of the outcome of treatment involves the use of clinical assessment tools, sometimes referred to as “patient-reported outcomes.” A vast array of clinical assessment tools exist – a recent review identified over 50 unique instruments. In this chapter, we will discuss these tools, both their basic overarching characteristics, and some of the details of more commonly used assessments.


Clinical assessment tools EQ-5D SF-36 mJOA NDI Nurick grade 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.Alan L. and Jacqueline Stuart Spine Center, Department of NeurosurgeryLahey Hospital and Medical CenterBurlingtonUSA
  3. 3.Department of NeurosurgeryLahey Hospital and Medical CenterBurlingtonUSA
  4. 4.Department of NeurosurgeryTufts University School of MedicineBostonUSA

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