Cervical Spine Biomechanics

  • Bryan S. Lee
  • Edward C. Benzel


The biomechanics of spine and spinal stabilization are both intriguing and often illusive. Due to the complex anatomy of the cervical spine, the clinical application of biomechanical principles is essential and yet challenging. Alterations to normal cervical biomechanics can be induced by many etiologies, most commonly by degenerative changes. The goals of this chapter are to explain the basics of the biomechanics of the cervical spine, the principles of cervical spine stabilization, the factors that impact the degenerative process, and impact of the degenerative process on cervical spinal anatomy. Biomechanical principles can be used to promote the understanding of and to establish guidelines for the management of the degenerative cervical spine.


Cervical spine Stability of cervical spine Instability of cervical spine Biomechanics Cervical spine instrumentation Occipitocervical junction Cervicothoracic junction 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryCenter for Spine Health, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic FoundationClevelandUSA

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