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Posttraumatic Hydrocephalus

  • Jason Milton
  • Jeffrey R. Leonard
Chapter

Abstract

Posttraumatic hydrocephalus is seen in 4% of patients that sustain a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Understanding the pathophysiology and diagnostic evaluation of posttraumatic hydrocephalus allows providers that do not routinely manage chronic hydrocephalus to effectively manage this condition as expected sequelae of traumatic brain injury. Understanding the appropriate diagnostic evaluation as well as medical and surgical management is key, as there are some differences in the pathophysiology and evaluation of posttraumatic hydrocephalus and chronic hydrocephalus. Outcomes after shunt implantation in posttraumatic hydrocephalus show that greater than 50% of patients will have a clear benefit after CSF diversion (Tribl G, Oder W, Brain Inj 14:345–54, 2000).

Keywords

Posttraumatic hydrocephalus Traumatic brain injury Normal pressure hydrocephalus Adjustable valve Programmable valve 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryOhioHealthColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Department of NeurosurgeryThe Ohio State University College of MedicineColumbusUSA

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