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Nanoparticles for Soil Remediation

  • Avipsha Sarkar
  • Sombuddha Sengupta
  • Shampa Sen
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 22)

Abstract

Soil pollution refers to the fall of soil quality due to the introduction of “xenobiotic” compounds which alter the composition of soil. This “altered” soil can be toxic to life and can have detrimental effects. The contamination level is generally read as a direct measure to the rate and amount of industrialization as well as acts as an indication as to how much of the “contaminant” is released into the environment. The main areas of soil pollution are generally near effluent and/or waste disposal sites of industries. Irrespective of where the effluent/waste is dumped, the damage to the ecosystem due to these human activities tends to threaten life to an extreme point.

In this chapter we shall be elucidating the main polluting factors of the soil along with the deficiency of normal macroscopic techniques in handling them. We shall also highlight the various nano-remediation techniques along with the different types of nano-materials used simultaneously elucidating why they are considered to be the “remediation of the future.”

Keywords

Xenobiotic Contaminant Remediation Nano-remediation Thermal remediation Aeration 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Avipsha Sarkar
    • 1
  • Sombuddha Sengupta
    • 1
  • Shampa Sen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology, School of BioScience and TechnologyVIT UniversityVelloreIndia

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