Locke’s Relevance to all Scholars in all Times

  • Shelly Hiller Marguerat
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Environmental Policy and Regulation book series (PSEPR)


This chapter treats all the rest of the main possible criticism against the validity of the main source whose responsibilities to nature are proposed in this book while the rest of the arguments against the validity of his responsibilities are invalidated one by one in Chapter  9. It treats those arguments again, one by one while rebutting those arguments with citations from the main source with corroboration by modern authors. It specifically treats Locke’s repeated theological references to God, the misunderstanding of the literal labour-mixing theory, the notion of self-ownership as possible argument for slavery interpretation and the argument of Natural law: ‘nonsense upon stilts’—utilitarian view of natural rights. It further deals with other possible objections to Locke’s labour theory.


  1. Ashcraft, Richard. ‘Locke’s State of Nature: Historical Fact or Moral Fiction?’ American Political Science Review 62, no. 3 (1968): 898–915.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ashcraft, Richard. Revolutionary Politics and Locke’s Two Treatises of Government. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.Google Scholar
  3. Becker, Carl L. Property Rights: Philosophic Foundations. London: Free Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  4. Bentham, Jeremy. Anarchical Fallacies, Being an Examination of the Declarations of Rights Issued During the French Revolution. The Works of Jeremy Bentham, Vol. 2 of 11. Edinburgh: William Tait, 1843.
  5. Callicott, J. Baird. Beyond the Land Ethic: More Essays in Environmental Philosophy. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  6. Colman, John. John Locke’s Moral Philosophy. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1983.Google Scholar
  7. Day, J. Patrick. ‘Locke on Property.’ The Philosophical Quarterly 16, no. 64 (1966): 207–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Donald, J. A. ‘Natural Law and Natural Rights.’ 2011.
  9. Dunn, John. The Political Thought of John Locke: An Historical Account of the Argument of the ‘Two Treatises of Government.’ Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969.Google Scholar
  10. Forde, Steven. ‘What Does Locke Expect Us to Know?’ The Review of Politics 68, no. 2 (2006): 232–258.Google Scholar
  11. Grotius, Hugo. De jure belli ac pacis libri tres [The Law of War and Peace]. Translated by A. C. Campbell. London: Clarendon Press, 1625.
  12. Hiller Marguerat, Shelly. ‘John Locke’s Concept of Property and His Natural Law Limits Based on Reason.’ Doctorate thesis, Geneva University Archives Online, Geneva, 2014.
  13. Hume, David. A Treatise of Human Nature. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  14. Locke, John. Two treatises of government, 1764 ed. London Printed MDCLXXXVIIII, 1690.,
  15. Locke, John. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. 1975 ed. Edited by P. Nidditch. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1689.
  16. Mill, J. S. ‘Remarks on Bentham’s Philosophy. Essays on Ethics, Religion and Society.’ In The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill. Vol. 10. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1833.
  17. Nozick, Robert. Anarchy, State, and Utopia. New York: Basic Books, 1974.Google Scholar
  18. Pangle, Thomas L. The Spirit of Modern Republicanism: The Moral Vision of the American Founders and the Philosophy of John Locke. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.Google Scholar
  19. Parry, Geraint. John Locke. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1978.Google Scholar
  20. Pierson, Christopher. Just Property, a History in the Latin West Volume One: Wealth, Virtue, and the Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.Google Scholar
  21. Plamenatz, John Petrov. Man and Society. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1963.Google Scholar
  22. Rapaczynski, Andrzej. Nature and Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987.Google Scholar
  23. Rousseau, Jean Jacques. What is the Origin of Inequality Among Men, and It Is Authorized by Natural Law. Translated by G. D. H. Cole, 1754.
  24. Ryan, Alan. Property and Political Theory. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1984.Google Scholar
  25. Sabine, George Holland. A History of Political Theory. New York: Henry Holt, 1937.Google Scholar
  26. Sartorius, Rolf. ‘Persons and Property.’ In Utility and Rights, edited by Raymond Gillespie Prey. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984.Google Scholar
  27. Simmons, A. John. The Lockean Theory of Rights. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.Google Scholar
  28. Strauss, Leo. Natural Right and History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1953.Google Scholar
  29. Tully, James. A Discourse on Property: John Locke and His Adversaries. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  30. Waldron, Jeremy. ‘Two Worries About Mixing One’s Labour.’ The Philosophical Quarterly 33, no. 130 (1983): 37–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Waldron, Jeremy. The Right to Private Property. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Waldron, Jeremy. God, Locke, and Equality: Christian Foundations of John Locke’s Political Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shelly Hiller Marguerat
    • 1
  1. 1.Forel (Lavaux)Switzerland

Personalised recommendations