Ranchers and Shepherds
Covering land settlement for much of the nineteenth century, the chapter starts with the era of cheap land leases in the late 1820s. A partly British landed class played a part in developing a new cattle and sheep farming economy. Substantial Irish migration during the Irish Famine of the late 1840s led to expansion of an Argentine wool economy; the Scots and Welsh communities, smaller than the Irish, are also discussed. The chapter addresses several major figures: Antony Fahy, a priest who became an Irish ethnic leader, Cecilia Grierson, of Scottish and Irish descent, who became the country’s first female medical practitioner and W.H. Hudson, famous for his tales of the pampas and the Argentine gauchos.