This chapter first defines mountain biking (MTB), its history and development, and the range of different bikes used. It then examines participation numbers before considering the history, designs, and disciplines with MTB. The final part of the chapter focuses on specific environmental impacts: damage to soil, vegetation, and water and the impacts on wildlife. The final section considers the management of these activities such as trail design and the development of the forest-based MTB centres in the UK and gives some examples of education initiatives such as the International Mountain Biking Association Rules of the Trail which have been used in management attempts.
KeywordsMountain biking International Mountain Biking Association Trail erosion Vegetation damage Sediment Wildlife disturbance Trail centres
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