Overall Summary

  • David HuddartEmail author


The direct impacts of outdoor recreation are summarised in this chapter. Because of future increase in this recreation, which is estimated, both recreation management and environmental impact management are necessary. Generalisations related to recreation ecology research, in particular disturbance-use relationships, are discussed, and the need for further research is emphasised.


Outdoor recreation activity American participation Future participation Stress-response curves Confinement strategies Use-impact relationships 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Liverpool John Moores UniversityLiverpoolUK

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