Adapting PCIT to Treat Anxiety in Young Children: The PCIT CALM Program

  • Jonathan S. ComerEmail author
  • Cristina del Busto
  • Anthony S. Dick
  • Jami M. Furr
  • Anthony C. Puliafico


Despite tremendous progress and success in the development of well-established treatments for anxiety presenting in middle childhood and adolescence, advances in the development of supported practices for treating early childhood anxiety has lagged. Fortunately, in more recent years, the field has begun to witness a number of very important advances in the development of interventions designed specifically to treat early childhood anxiety and behavioral inhibition. One of the most promising advances in this area has been the adaptation of parent–child interaction therapy to address early childhood anxiety problems. As in traditional PCIT for early externalizing problems, PCIT adaptations for early-onset anxiety target child symptoms indirectly by reshaping the primary context of child development. This chapter reviews the research support for the PCIT CALM program and describes the program in detail. The chapter concludes with a case example of the program.


PCIT CALM Anxiety Behavioral inhibition Internalizing disorders 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan S. Comer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cristina del Busto
    • 1
  • Anthony S. Dick
    • 1
  • Jami M. Furr
    • 1
  • Anthony C. Puliafico
    • 2
  1. 1.Mental Health Interventions and Technology (MINT) Program, Center for Children and Families, Department of PsychologyFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Clinic for Anxiety and Related Disorders – WestchesterColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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