On the Sources of Political Discontent in Europe

  • David Freyr Bjornsson
  • Gylfi ZoegaEmail author
Conference paper


We explore the pattern and sources of discontent when it comes to both the European Union and national governments in Europe in 2006 and 2014. We find that dissatisfaction with the state of the economy primarily affects the level of dissatisfaction with national governments, while unemployment and fear of immigration affects attitudes towards further European integration in 2014.


Sudden stop Real exchange rates Demand compression 

JEL Code




This work was supported by the University of Iceland Research Fund.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of IcelandReykjavikIceland
  2. 2.Birkbeck CollegeUniversity of LondonLondonUK

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