Advertisement

Modulating Structural, Optical and Electrical Properties of Zinc Oxide by Aluminium Doping

  • Anita SinghEmail author
  • Vandna Luthra
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 215)

Abstract

Nano powders of un-doped and Aluminium doped Zinc Oxide (ZnO) has been synthesized using a simple, cost-effective and scalable co-precipitation route. The effect of aluminium (Al) doping has been studied. The developed materials have been characterized using various analytical techniques such as X-Ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Photoluminescence (PL) and electrical characterization. XRD and TEM analysis confirms the synthesis of the good crystalline hexagonal structure of ZnO material. PL spectra at room temperature of undoped ZnO confirms UV emission peak at 385.4 nm accompanied by a shift towards lower wavelengths with aluminium doping. I-V measurements with temperature have been done on un-doped and Al doped ZnO. A significant increase in room temperature dc conductivity observed for 1 mol% Al doped ZnO. Activation energy found to be a function of temperature as well as of doping.

Notes

Acknowledgements

VL and AN are thankful to Dr. Promila Kumar (Principal, Gargi College) and Dr. Shashi Tyagi. The Star College Grant of DBT, India is gratefully acknowledged. VL is thankful to UGC-UKIERI grant to Gargi College.

References

  1. 1.
    D.P. Norton, Y.W. Heo, M.P. Ivill, K. Ip, S.J. Pearton, M.F. Chisholm, T. Steiner, Mater. Today 7, 34–40 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    P.D. Yang, H.Q. Yan, S. Mao, R. Russo, F. Fohnson, R. Saykally, N. Morris, F. Pham, R.R. He, H.J. Choi, Adv. Funct. Mater. 12, 323–331 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M.E.V. Costa, P.Q. Mantas, J.L. Baptista, Sens. Actuator. B26–27, 312–314 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. Scarano, S. Bertarione, G. Spoto, A. Zecchina, C. OteroArean, Thin Solid Films, 40050–40055 (2001)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    B. Ismail, M. Abaab, B. Rezig, Thin Solid Films 38392–38394 (2001)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C.L. Carnes, K.J. Klabunde, Langmuir 16, 3764–3772 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    D.H. Zhang, Z.Y. Xue, Q.P. Wang, J. Phys. D 35(21), 2837–2840 (2002)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. Hayashi, A. Ishizaka, M. Haemori, H. Koinua, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(9), 1365–1367 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    H.T. Ng, B. Chen, J. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(13), 2023–2025 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    D.C. Plain, H.Y. Yeom, B. Yaglioglu, in Flexible Flat Panel Displays, Chap. 5 ed. by G.P. Crawfort (Wiley, Singapore, 2005), pp. 74–98Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    W.Q. Peng, S.C. Qu, G.W. Cong, Z.G. Wang, Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 9, 156–159 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Z.B. Bahşi, M.H. Aslan, M. Ozer, A.Y. Oral, Cryst. Res. Technol. 44, 961–966 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    L. Cai, G. Jiang, C. Zhu, D. Wang, Phy. Stat. Sol. (a) 206, 1461–1464 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    L. Zhang, T. Tosho, N. Okinaka, T. Akiyama, Mater. Trans. 49, 2868–2874 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. Ater, C. Tatar, F. Yakuphanoglu, Sens. Actuators A 190, 153–160 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. Mezzanotte, R. Palombari, Sens. Actuators B 107, 433–437 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    T. Senda, R.C. Bradt, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 74, 1296–1302Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Kim, T. Kimura, T. Yamguchi, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 72, 1541–1544 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    J. Fan, R. Freer, J. Mater. Sci. 32, 415–422 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Han, A.M.R. Senos, P.Q. Mantas, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 19, 1003–1006 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. Suwanboon, P. Amornpitoksuk, A. Sukolrat, N. Muensit, Ceram. Int. 39, 2811–2819 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    T. Quadir, D.W. Readey, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 72, 297–302 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S.I. Nunes, R.C. Bradt, J. Am. Ceram. Soc 78, 2469–2475 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A.M.R. Senos, Ph.D. thesis, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal, 1993Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    C. Wu, X. Qiao, J. Chen, H. Wang, F. Tan, S. Li, Mater. Lett. 60, 1828–1832 (2006)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    M.R. Vaezi, S.K. Sadrnezhaad, Mater. Des. 28, 515–519 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    D.P. Nie, T. Xue, Y. Zhang, X. Li, Sci. China Ser. B: Chem. 51, 823–828 (2008)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    A. Shui, S. Wang, H. Wang X. Cheng, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 117, 703–705 (2009)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    H. Serier, M. Gaudon, M. Ménétrier, Solid Stat. Sci. 11, 1192–1197 (2009)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    L.S. Hsu, C.S. Yeh, C.C. Kuo, B.R. Huang, S. Dhar, J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 7, 3039–3046 (2005)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    P. Mohanty, B. Kim, J. Park, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 138, 224–227 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    W. Lan, Y. Liu, M. Zhang, B. Wang, H. Yan, Y. Wang, Mater. Lett. 61, 2262–2265 (2007)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    S. Zhou, H. Yuan, L. Liu, X. Chen, S. Lou, Y. Hao, R. Yuan, N. Li, Nanoscale Res. Lett 5, 1284–1288 (2010)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    L. Xu, X. Li, J. Cryst. Growth 312, 851–855 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Z.C. Chen, L.J. Zhuge, X.M. Wu, Y.D. Meng, Thin Sol. Films 515, 5462–5465 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    N.S. Noeberg, K.R. Kittilstved, J.E. Amonette, R.K. Kukkadapu, D.A Schwartz, J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2004)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    J.J. Wu, H.I. Wen, C.H. Tseng, S.C. Liu, Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 806 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    S. Music, D. Dragcevic, S. Popovic, M. Ivanda, Mater. Lett. 59, 2388–2393 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    A.V. Dijken, E.A. Mewlenkamp, D. Vamaelkelbergh, A. Meijerink, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 1715 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    C.W. Cheng, E.J. Liu, C.H.A. Huan, T.C. Sum, H.D. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071107 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    D. Mithal, T. Kundu, Asian J. Chem. 25, S12–S16 (2013)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    V. Luthra, K.F.E. Pratt, R.G. Palgrave, D.E. Williams, R.P. Tandon I.P. Parkin, Polyhedron 29, 1225–1230 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    T. Tohsophon, N. Sirikulrat, T. Tunkasiri, Trans. Mater. Res. Soc. Jpn. 29, 3227–3229 (2004)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Anita, V. Luthra, Ceram. Int. 40(9), Part B 14927–14932 (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gargi College, University of DelhiNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations