Advertisement

Sensing of Dibutyl Sulfide Using Carboxylic Acid Functionalized Single Walled Nanotubes

  • Deepak KumarEmail author
  • Pika Jha
  • Abhilasha Chouksey
  • J. S. Rawat
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 215)

Abstract

Functionalization group enhanced the response, sensitivity and repeatability of the gas sensor towards target analyte. In this paper we are reporting, fabrication of carboxylic acid functionalized single walled nanotubes (SWCNT-COOH) based gas sensor for sensing of Dibutyl Sulfide (DBS) a simulant of sulfur mustards. These gas sensors are fabricated by vacuum filtration method on flexible membrane. These fabricated gas sensor films are characterized by using SEM and Raman spectroscopy. It is observed that, CNTs are randomly distributed on the gas sensor surface. The Id/Ig ratio is 0.049, which indicates defect present on the gas sensor surface due to functionalization. These gas sensors are exposed to 3.36 ppm of DBS generated by permeation tube. The gas sensor gives repeatable response over five exposed cycles for 3.36 ppm of DBS. The detection limit of the gas sensor is <21 ppb of DBS.

References

  1. 1.
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
    J. Kong, N.R. Franklin, C. Zhou, M.G. Chapline, S. Peng, K. Cho, H. Dai, Nanotube molecular wires as chemical sensors. Science 287, 622–625 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Asad, M.H. Sheikhi, M. Pourfath, M. Moradi, High sensitive and selective flexible H2S gas sensors based on Cu nanoparticle decorated SWCNTs. Sens. Actuators B Chem. 210, 1–8 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Chaste, A. Eichler, J. Moser, G. Ceballos, R. Rurali, A. Bachtold, A nanomechanical mass sensor with yoctogram resolution. Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 301–304 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A.K. Naik, M.S. Hanay, W.K. Hiebert, X.L. Feng, M.L. Roukes, Towards single-molecule nanomechanical mass spectrometry. Nat. Nanotechnol. 4, 445–450 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Wang, J.T.W. Yeow, A review of carbon nanotubes-based gas sensors. J. Sens. 2009, 24 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. Zhang, S. Mubeen, N.V. Myung, M.A. Deshusses, Recent progress in carbon nanotube-based gas sensors. Nanotechnology 19, 332001 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    D. Kumar, P. Jha, A. Chouksey, J.S.B.S. Rawat, R.P. Tandon, P.K. Chaudhury, 4-(Hexafluoro-2-hydroxy isopropyl)aniline functionalized highly sensitive flexible SWCNT sensor for detection of nerve agent simulant dimethyl methylphosphonate. Mater. Chem. Phys. 181, 487–494 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. Kong, J. Wang, T. Luo, F. Meng, X. Chen, M. Li et al., Novel pyrenehexafluoroisopropanol derivative-decorated single-walled carbon nanotubes for detection of nerve agents by strong hydrogen-bonding interaction. Analyst 135, 368–374 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S.L.H. Rebelo, A. Guedes, M.E. Szefczyk, A.M. Pereira, J.P. Araújo, C. Freire, Progresses on the Raman spectra analysis of covalently functionalized multiwall carbon nanotubes: unraveling disorder on graphitic materials. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1–40 (2016)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    V.T. Le, C.L. Ngo, Q.T. Le, T.T. Ngo, D.N. Nguyen, M.T. Vu, Surface modification and functionalization of carbon nanotube with some organic compounds. Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 4(3) (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    P.K. Sharma, B. Sikarwar. G. Gupta, A.K. Nigam, B.K. Tripathi, P. Pandey, M. Boopathi, K Ganesan, B. Singh, A simple degradation method for sulfur mustard at ambient conditions using nickelphthalocyanine incorporated polypyrrole modified electrode. Appl. Nanosci. 4(1), 37–46 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deepak Kumar
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Pika Jha
    • 1
  • Abhilasha Chouksey
    • 1
  • J. S. Rawat
    • 1
  1. 1.Solid State Physics LaboratoryTimarpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Physics and AstrophysicsUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations