Simulation Training and Assessment in Fracture Treatment

  • Coşku Turhan
  • Gürhan Dönmez
  • Gazi Huri
  • Mahmut Nedim Doral


Virtual reality is a realistic and immersive simulation of a three-dimensional environment, created using interactive software which replicates an imaginary setting for human interaction. It has compelling possibilities in medical field and already has been developed in exposure therapy, post-traumatic stress disorder, pain management, phantom limb pain control, and social cognition training for young adults with autism and meditation. These technologies are readily available; cost-effective tools, therefore, have the potential to support medical education and training, along with the orthopaedic trainee education.


Virtual reality Medical education Surgery Orthopaedic training 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Coşku Turhan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Gürhan Dönmez
    • 5
  • Gazi Huri
    • 6
  • Mahmut Nedim Doral
    • 7
  1. 1.Bilkent ÜniversitesiAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.University of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Sony ImageworksCulver CityUSA
  4. 4.MagnopusLos AngelesUSA
  5. 5.Faculty of Medicine, Department of Sports MedicineHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  6. 6.Faculty of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics and TraumatologyHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  7. 7.Faculty of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics and TraumatologyUfuk University Dr. Rıdvan Ege HospitalAnkaraTurkey

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