Plant Diversity in Merapi Ungup-Ungup of Ijen Crater Nature Preserve, East Java

  • Asa Yulianto
  • Dwi Tyaningsih Adriyanti
  • Atus SyahbudinEmail author
Conference paper


The study aims to determine forest composition and structure of Merapi Ungup-Ungup of Ijen Crater Nature Preserve on pole and tree level. Data was collected using systematic sampling with an intensity of 3%. The plot was placed at an altitude of 1500 m asl to 1850 m asl inside the 100 m transect line which was replicated within every 50 m asl of height increase. The first plot was placed 25 m from the edge of the road, and distanced 50 m in between each plot. The total plot that was made was 16 plots, with a plot size of 20 m × 20 m and 10 m × 10 m for tree and pole observation respectively. Results showed diversity index of Shannon-Wiener (H) was 2.69 and 2.08 for pole and tree level in row which means moderate level of diversity. There were 21 species (16 families) in pole level and 25 species (20 families) in tree level. Litsea grandis dominates with Important Value Index 114.45 (tree) and 69.41 (pole). Stand structure on pole level consists of B and C stratum, while tree level consist of A, B, and C stratum. The conservation status of plant species pole and tree level based on IUCN Red List consists of LC (Least Concerns) on Magnolia condelei and Podocarpus imbricatus and VU (Vulnerable) status on Saurauia bracteosa. We recommend that phenology of flowers and fruits and silvicultural techniques of S. bracteosa be investigated in order for their natural breeding to be sustainable.


Conservation status Ijen Crater Nature preserve Species composition Stand structure 



Least Concerns




Importance Value Index


International Union for the Conservation of Nature


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Asa Yulianto
    • 1
  • Dwi Tyaningsih Adriyanti
    • 1
  • Atus Syahbudin
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of ForestryUniversitas Gadjah MadaYogyakartaIndonesia

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