Advertisement

Selection and Phenotypic Characters Description of Reciprocal Cross Breeding Maize between ‘Talenta’ and ‘Provit A1’ Maize

  • Erti Hamimi
  • Muhamad Yasin Hasanul Gaffar
  • Budi Setiadi Daryono
Conference paper

Abstract

Maize is one of important crops in Indonesia. The improvement of maize quality can be achieved by conducting plant breeding. In this research was conducted reciprocal breeding between ‘Talenta’ that has high sugar total and ‘Provit A1’ that has high beta carotene content. The objectives of this research were to select and describe the phenotypic characters of maize as the result of reciprocal crossing between ‘Talenta’ and ‘Provit A1’. As much as fifty F1 maize kernels that resulted from each of the crossing were planted into different blocks. Then ten maizes were identified the phenotypic characters for each block. The phenotypic characters were observed based on the agronomical characters in Ministry of Agricultural Decree and analyzed based on International Board for Plant Genetic Resources scale. The result of this research showed that the characters of maize that resulted from the crossing and its reciprocal were similar with both of the parentals, especially the type and color of the kernels. Based on the type of the kernels both populations had various kernel types; flint corn, semi flint corn, and sweet corn, and various color of kernels that were gradation from yellow to orange. The observed agronomical characters showed that the height plant, stem, foliage, tassel, ear, and kernel of offspring were almost similar. The description of F1 ♀‘Talenta’ was Plant: medium plant height (124–179.5 cm), medium ear height (46–71.5 cm); Stem: no zigzag degree; Foliage: medium leaf angle type, sharp pattern and bent, stripped and curved, medium width (7–9.5 cm), medium length (41–91.5 cm), green color leaf, medium spearing the leaf edge; Tassel: tasseling 50–59 days (medium), the location of the branching side was straight rather crooked, medium kernel density; Ear: silking 52–63 days (medium), cylindrical ear shape, the handle of ear length is 3.5–11.2 cm, the length of cob is 15–21 cm, small ear diameter (3.2–3.9 cm), medium number of kernels (10 rows to 14 rows); Kernel: the length of kernel is 1 cm, the width of kernel is 0.9 cm, many kernel colours (gradation of yellow to orange), type of kernels; flint, semi-flint, sweet. The description of F1 ♀‘Provit A1’ was Plant: medium plant height (146–236cm), medium ear height (54.5–106 cm); Stem: no zigzag degree; Foliage: medium leaf angle type, sharp pattern and bent, stripped and curved, medium width (7–9 cm), medium length (28–92.5 cm), green color leaf, medium spearing the leaf edge; Tassel: tasseling 49–53 days (medium), the location of the branching side was straight rather crooked, medium kernel density; Ear: silking 50–65 days (medium), cylindrical ear shape, the handle of ear length is 5–12.5 cm, the length of cob is 14–20 cm, small ear diameter (3.6–4.5 cm), medium number of kernels (12 rows to 14 rows); Kernel: the length of kernel is 1 cm, the width of kernel is 1 cm, many kernel colours (gradation of yellow to orange), type of kernels; flint, semi-flint, sweet.

Keywords

Maize Plant breeding Phenotypic characters Functional food Selection 

Abbreviations

♀‘Provit A1’

Female ‘Provit A1’ parental

♂‘Provit A1’

Male ‘Provit A1’ parental

♀‘Talenta’

Female ‘Talenta’ parental

♂‘Talenta’

Male ‘Talenta’ parental

BPTP

Center for Assessment of Agricultural Technology

F1 ♀ ‘Provit A1’:

The crossing result of ♀‘Provit A1’ and ♂‘Talenta’

F1 ♀‘Talenta’

The crossing result of ♀‘Talenta’ and ♂‘Provit A1’

F2 ♀ ‘Provit A1’

The crossing result of F1 ♀‘Provit A1’ and F1 ♂‘Talenta’

F2 ♀‘Talenta’

The crossing result of F1 ♀‘Talenta’ and F1 ♂‘Provit A1’

F3 ♀ ‘Provit A1’

The crossing result of F2 ♀‘Provit A1’ and F2 ♂‘Talenta’

F3 ♀‘Talenta’

The crossing result of F2 ♀‘Talenta’ and F2 ♂‘Provit A1’

LPDP

Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education

IBPGR

International Board for Plant Genetic Resources

Test cross

The crossing result of ♀‘Talenta’ and ♂ F2 ‘Provit A1’

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was funded by Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP), Republic of Indonesia for 2016-2017 number PRI-2456/LPDP/2015. The researcher also thanked to Cereals Plant Research Institute, Maros that has helped providing the kernels of ‘Provit A1’, and BPTP Yogyakarta that has provided green house for this research.

References

  1. 1.
    Shah TR, Kamlesh P, Pradyuman K. Maize—a potential source of human nutrition and health: a review. Cogent Food Agric. 2016;2:1–9.  https://doi.org/10.1080/23311932.2016.1166995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bacchetti T, Masciangelo S, Micheletti A, Ferretti G. Carotenoids, phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity of five local Italian corn (Zea Mays L.) kernels. J Nutr Food Sci. 2013;3(6):3–6.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2155-9600.1000237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ranum P, Juan PP-R, Maria NG-C. Global maize production, utilization, and consumption. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2014;1312:105–12.  https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.12396.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Henry CJ. Functional foods. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010;64:657–9.  https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2010.101.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dijkhuizen MA, Wieringa FT, West CE, Muherdiyantiningsih, Muhilal. Concurrent micronutrient deficiencies in lactating mothers and their infants in Indonesia. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001;73:786–91.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yasin M, Syahrir M, Faesal. Pembentukan varietas jagung komposit kaya vitamin ‘Provit A1’ dan Provit A2 [The formation of composite corn varieties rich of vitamin ‘Provit A1’ and Provit A2]. Iptek Tanaman Pangan 2012; 7(1). [in Bahasa Indonesia]Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zilić S, Serpen A, Akıllıoğlu G, Gökmen V, Vančetović J. Phenolic compounds, carotenoids, anthocyanins, and antioxidant capacity of colored maize (Zea mays L.) kernels. J Agric Food Chem. 2012;60:1224–31.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jf204367z.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gwirtz JA, Ng-C M. Processing maize flour and corn meal food products. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2014;1312:66–75.  https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.12299.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Syukur M, Rifianto A. Jagung manis [Sweet corn]. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya; 2013.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wayan SI, Nur B, Arifin NS, Andy S. Estimation of genetics variance components from composite and hybrid maize (Zea mays L) hybridization. J Plant. 2015;5(5):107–12.  https://doi.org/10.5923/j.plant.20150505.03.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Syukur M, Sriani S, Rahmi Y. Teknik pemuliaan tanaman [Plant breeding technique]. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya; 2015.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    The International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR). Descriptors for Maize. International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Mexico City, Rome. 1991. http://archive-ecpgr.cgiar.org/fileadmin/bioversity/publications/pdfs/104_Descriptors_for_maize.Descriptores_para_maiz.Descripteurs_pour_le_mais-cache=1415188810.pdf. Accessed 15 Jan 2017.
  13. 13.
    Lertrat K, Taweesak P. Breeding for increased sweetness in sweet corn. IJPB. 2007;1(1):27–30.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Koswara J. Budidaya jagung manis (Zea mays saccharata, Sturt) [Sweet corn cultivation]. Bogor: Fakultas Pertanian. IPB; 1986. [in Bahasa Indonesia].Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    De Almeida Rios S, Paes MCD, Cardoso WS, Borém A, Teixeira FF. Color of corn grains and carotenoid profile of importance for human health. Am J Plant Sci. 2014;5:857–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Muzhingi T, Tendekayi HG, Andrew HS, Michael AG, Robert MR, Guangwen T. Yellow maize with high b-carotene is an effective source of vitamin A in healthy Zimbabwean men1–4. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011;94:510–9.CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Jang SH, Lim JW, Kim H. Mechanism of β-carotene-induced apoptosis of gastric cancer cells: involvement of ataxia-telangiectasia-mutated. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009;1171:156–62.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04711.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Menkir A, Melaku G, Sherry T, Adegoke A, Bunmi B. Carotenoid accumulation and agronomic performance of maize hybrids involving parental combinations from different marker-based groups. Food Chem. 2014;148:131–7.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.09.156.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Olaoye G, Bello OB, Ajani AK, Ademuwagun TK. Breeding for improved organoleptic and nutritionally acceptable green maize varieties by crossing sweet corn (Zea mays saccharata): changes in quantitative and qualitative characteristics in F1 hybrids and F2 populations. J Plant Breed Crop Sci. 2009;1(9):298–305.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erti Hamimi
    • 1
  • Muhamad Yasin Hasanul Gaffar
    • 2
  • Budi Setiadi Daryono
    • 1
  1. 1.Genetics and Breeding Laboratory, Faculty of BiologyUniversitas Gadjah MadaYogyakartaIndonesia
  2. 2.Cereal Plant InstitutesMarosIndonesia

Personalised recommendations