Girls in Tech: Progress and Barriers in a Gendered Culture
This chapter presents empirical research on female Internet and mobile startup entrepreneurs and women tech workers in Taiwan, and the analysis takes into account the gender role attitudes, work-life balance and fertility rate. The chapter argues that family responsibility is not spoken about and assumed unmanageable in the sector due to entrenched gender inequalities. When women enter this traditionally male-dominated sector, their career progression, participation in entrepreneurship and roles within the nascent companies are strongly influenced by the gender discourse and the intersections between gender, age and class. Among the female entrepreneur interviewees, half started their companies with their husbands or male partners. The author considers the effects of these husband and wife teams on the nuclear family. Furthermore, when women participate as business owners or workers, they often take up gendered roles or focus on products that are aimed at a gender-specific market.
- Acker, Joan. “Gendering Organizational Theory.” In Gendering Organizational Analysis, edited by Albert J. Mills and Peta Tancred, 248–60. London: SAGE, 1992.Google Scholar
- Adkins, Lisa. “Community and Economy: A Retraditionalization of Gender?” Theory, Culture & Society 16, no. 1 (1999): 117–37.Google Scholar
- Bourdieu, Pierre. “The Forms of Capital.” In Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education, edited by John G. Richardson, 241–58. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1986.Google Scholar
- Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. London and New York: Routledge, 1990.Google Scholar
- Butler, Judith. Bodies that Matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex”. New York and London: Routledge, 1993.Google Scholar
- Castaño, Cecilia, and Juliet Webster. “Understanding Women’s Presence in ICT: The Life Course Perspective.” International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology 3, no. 2 (2011): 365–86.Google Scholar
- Damm, Jens. “Gender and Women Studies in Taiwan: From ‘New Feminism’ to Intersectionality.” Paper presented at The 2nd World Congress of Taiwan Studies, SOAS, London, June 18, 2015. Google Scholar
- Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics. Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of China 2015. Taipei: Executive Yuan, 2016.Google Scholar
- Hsu, Pi-chun. “Gender Inequality and the Division of Household Labor: Comparisons among China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan.” PhD diss., Cornell University, 2008. https://ecommons.cornell.edu/bitstream/handle/1813/11104/Disseration_all.pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y.
- Leung, Wing-Fai, Rosalind Gill, and Keith Randle. “Getting in, Getting on, Getting Out? Women as Career Scramblers in the UK Film and Television Industries.” Sociological Review 63, SI (2015): 50–65.Google Scholar
- Lin, Fang-Mei. “Women’s Movement and the Development of Civil Society in Taiwan.” Paper presented at Fifth Annual Conference of European Association of Taiwan Studies, Charles University, Prague, April 18, 2008.Google Scholar
- Lu, Yu-hsia. “The Boss’s Wife and Taiwanese Small Family Business.” In Women’s Working Lives in East Asia, edited by Mary C. Brinton, 263–98. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 2001.Google Scholar
- Sechiyama, Kaku. Patriarchy in East Asia: A Comparative Sociology of Gender. Leiden: Brill, 2013.Google Scholar
- Tokumitsu, Miya. “Force to Love the Grind.” Jacobin Magazine, August, 2015. https://www.jacobinmag.com/2015/08/do-what-you-love-miya-tokumitsu-work-creative-passion/.
- UNESCO. Cracking the Code: Girls’ and Women’s Education in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM). Paris: UNESCO, 2017. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0025/002534/253479E.pdf.
- Wreyford, Natalie. “The Real Cost of Childcare: Motherhood and Project-Based Creative Labour in the UK Film Industry.” Studies in the Maternal 5, no. 2 (2013). http://www.mamsie.bbk.ac.uk/documents/Wreyford_SiM_5(2)2013.pdf.
- Yu, Wei-hsin, and Su, Kuo-Hsien. “A Comparative Study of Self-Employment Dynamics and Social Inequality on One’s Own: Self-Employment Activity in Taiwan.” In The Reemergence of Self-Employment Dynamics and Social Inequality, edited by Richard Arum and Walter Müller, 388–425. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004.Google Scholar