Correlates of Susceptibility to Motion Sickness

  • Thomas G. DobieEmail author
Part of the Springer Series on Naval Architecture, Marine Engineering, Shipbuilding and Shipping book series (NAMESS, volume 6)


The incidence of motion sickness can be affected by a number of individual factors. In this chapter, I propose to introduce you to some of the personal features that have been identified as having a bearing on the response to provocative motion, namely: age; sex of the subject; race or culture; and physical fitness. Some of these can have an impact on military personnel; as you will see, there are no hard and fast rules. More work is needed to investigate these suggested correlates both to confirm the relationship and better understand the underlying reason for these associations to exist.


  1. Allen ME, McKay C, Eaves DM, Hamilton D (1986) Naloxone enhances motion sickness: endorphins implicated. Aviat Space Environ Med 57:647–653Google Scholar
  2. Banta GR, Ridley WC, McHugh J, Grissett JD, Guedry FE (1987) Aerobic fitness and susceptibility to motion sickness. Aviat Space Environ Med 58:105–108Google Scholar
  3. Benson AJ (1988) Motion sickness. In: Ernsting J, King P (eds) Aviation medicine, 2nd edn. Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd., OxfordGoogle Scholar
  4. Byrne J (1912) On the physiology of the semicircular canals and their relation to seasickness. J. T. Dougherty, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Cheung BSK, Money KE (1992) The influence of age on susceptibility to motion sickness. Aviation Space Environ Med 63:38 (abstract)Google Scholar
  6. Cheung BSK, Money KE, Jacobs I (1990) Motion sickness susceptibility and aerobic fitness: a longitudinal study. Aviat Space Environ Med 61:201–204Google Scholar
  7. Davis JR, Vanderploeg JM, Santy PA, Jennings RT, Stewart DF (1988) Space motion sickness during 24 flights of the space shuttle. Aviat Space Environ Med 59:1185–1189Google Scholar
  8. Dobie TG, McBride D, Dobie TG Jr, May JG (2001) The effects of age and sex on susceptibility to motion sickness. Aviat Space Environ Med 72:13–20Google Scholar
  9. Flanagan MB, May JG, Dobie TG (2005) Sex differences in tolerance to visually-induced motion sickness. Aviation Space Environ Med 76:642–646Google Scholar
  10. Grunfeld EA, Price C, Goadsby PJ, Gresty MA (1998) Motion sickness, migraine, and menstruation in mariners. Lancet 3511:1106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jennings RT, Davis JR, Santy PA (1988) Comparison of aerobic fitness and space motion sickness during the shuttle program. Aviat Space Environ Med 59:448–451Google Scholar
  12. Kaplan I (1964) Motion sickness on railroads. Ind Med Surg 33(1):648–651Google Scholar
  13. Kennedy RS, Lanham DS, Massey CJ, Drexler JM, Lilienthal MG (1995) Gender differences in simulator sickness incidence: implications for military virtual reality systems. SAFE J 25(1):69–76Google Scholar
  14. Lawther A, Griffin MJ (1988) A survey of the occurrence of motion sickness amongst passengers at sea. Aviat Space Environ Med 59:399–406Google Scholar
  15. Lentz JM, Collins WE (1977) Motion sickness susceptibility and related behavioral characteristics in men and women. Aviat Space Environ Med 48:316–322Google Scholar
  16. Lindseth G, Lindseth PD (1995) The relationship of diet to airsickness. Aviat Space Environ Med 66:537–541Google Scholar
  17. Nieuwenhuijsen JH (1958) Experimental investigations on seasickness. Ph.D. thesis, University of Utrecht, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  18. Parnell MJ, Whinnery JE (1982) The effects of long term aerobic conditioning on tolerance to +Gz stress. In: Paper presented at the aerospace medical association annual scientific meeting, Washington, DC, pp 22–23 (preprint)Google Scholar
  19. Reason JT (1968) Relations between motion sickness susceptibility, the spiral aftereffect and loudness estimation. Br J Psychol 59:385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Reason JT, Brand JJ (1975) Motion sickness. Academic Press, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  21. Reason JT, Diaz E (1971) Simulator sickness in passive observers. Ministry of Defence (Air Force Department), Flying Personnel Research Committee, FPRC/1310Google Scholar
  22. Rowat N, Connor CW, Jones JA, Kozlovskaya IB, Sullivan P (2002) The correlation between aerobic fitness and motion sickness susceptibility. Aviat Space Environ Med 73:216–218Google Scholar
  23. Schwab RS (1954) The nonlabyrinthine causes of motion sickness. Int Record Med General Pract Clin 167(12):631–637Google Scholar
  24. Stern RM, Hu S, Koch KL (1993) Chinese hypersusceptibility to vection-induced motion sickness. Aviat Space Environ Med 64:827–830Google Scholar
  25. Turner M, Griffin MJ (1995) Motion sickness incidence during a round-the-world yacht race. Aviat Space Environ Med 66:849–856Google Scholar
  26. Tyler DB, Bard P (1949) Motion sickness. Physiol Rev 311–369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Whinnery JE, Parnell MJ (1987) The effects of long-term aerobic conditioning on +Gz tolerance. Aviat Space Environ Med 58:199Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Biodynamics Laboratory, College of EngineeringUniversity of New OrleansNew OrleansUSA

Personalised recommendations