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Evaluation of Residual Stress with Optical Methods

  • C. Pappalettere
Conference paper
Part of the Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series book series (CPSEMS)

Abstract

Residual stress (RS) evaluation and management is a very important topic in mechanical design because its presence can severely affect final performances of the manufactured part especially under fatigue conditions. Due to the complex chain of intermediate steps that lead to the final manufactured component numerical simulations to predict RS are hard to be accomplished and the experimental approach is surely the most reliable one. Many different strategies have been developed along the years to perform RS measurements including hole-drilling (HD), X-Ray diffraction, neutron diffraction, Barkhausen noise etc. Also the adoption of optical techniques OT has been studied even in consideration of their common capability to provide full-field information with high accuracy and high sensitivity. Among OT the Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry is the technique which has experienced the greatest development in this field. In this paper the progresses made since the first experiments which date back 30 years ago are presented. The achievements occurred in these years are illustrated in terms of improvements of experimental set-up, developments of faster, simpler and more accurate analysis algorithms and increment of number of applications where the hole drilling combined with ESPI has been successfully exploited. Current state of the art is illustrated also with the indication of several different situations and materials successfully studied with this approach. Finally indications for future works and research activities on this topic are provided.

Keywords

Optical methods Residual stresses ESPI Hole drilling method Interferometry 

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© The Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Meccanica, Matematica e ManagementPolitecnico di BariBariItaly

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