• Chris O’Riordan
  • Felicity Kelliher
  • Patrick C. Flood
  • Malcolm Higgs


This final chapter brings together a number of key themes that have been identified in the individual leader chapters, and examines these in the context of existing literature. Initially, the authors consider what an outsider leader is, before assessing what it is that outsider leaders bring to organisations by way of benefits. The arrival of the outsider leader is examined, looking at approaches that they can adopt on entry. Establishing relationships with insiders is identified as a critical early step for those outsiders who want to succeed, though this can present challenges. The hiring strategies of outsider leaders are contemplated in terms of the choices they make. Next, the insider/outsider perspective is considered and how this can be valuable to adopt in a hybrid sense at times. The challenges for and stemming from outsider leaders are then examined, at both a personal and organisational level. Closing the chapter is an examination of gender in the context of outsider leadership, before some concluding comments are presented.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chris O’Riordan
    • 1
  • Felicity Kelliher
    • 1
  • Patrick C. Flood
    • 2
  • Malcolm Higgs
    • 3
  1. 1.School of BusinessWaterford Institute of TechnologyWaterfordIreland
  2. 2.DCU Business SchoolDublin City UniversityDublinIreland
  3. 3.Hull University Business SchoolUniversity of HullHullUK

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