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A Humanitarian Logistics Case Study for the Intermediary Phase Accommodation Center for Refugees and Other Humanitarian Disaster Victims

  • Sofia PapadakiEmail author
  • Georgios Banias
  • Charisios Achillas
  • Dimitris Aidonis
  • Dimitris Folinas
  • Dionysis Bochtis
  • Stamatis Papangelou
Chapter
Part of the Springer Optimization and Its Applications book series (SOIA, volume 140)

Abstract

The growing and uncontrollable stream of refugees from Middle East and North Africa has created considerable pressure to governments and societies all over Europe. To establish the theoretical framework, the concept of humanitarian logistics is briefly examined in this paper. Historical data from the nineteenth century onwards illuminates the fact that this influx is not a novelty in the European continent and the interpretation of statistical data highlights the characteristics and particularities of the current refugee wave, as well as the possible repercussions these could inflict both to hosting societies and to displaced populations. Finally, a review of European and national legislation and policies shows that measures taken so far are disjointed and that no complete but at the same time fair and humanitarian management strategy exists.

Within this context, the paper elaborates on the development of a compact accommodation center made of shipping containers, to function as one of the initial stages in adaptation before full social integration of the displaced populations. It aims at maximizing the respect for human rights and values while minimizing the impact on society and on the environment. Some of the humanitarian and ecological issues discussed are: integration of medical, educational, religious and social functions within the unit, optimal land utilization, renewable energy use, and waste management infrastructures. Creating added value for the “raw” material (shipping containers) and prolonging the unit’s life span by enabling transformation and change of use, transportation and reuse, and finally end-of-life dismantlement and recycling also lie within the scope of the project.

The overall goal is not only to address the current needs stemming from the refugee crisis, but also to develop a project versatile enough to be adapted for implementation on further social groups in need of support. The paper’s results could serve as a useful tool for governments and organizations to better plan ahead and respond fast and efficiently not only in regard to the present humanitarian emergency, but also in any possible similar major disaster situation, including the potential consequences of climate change.

Keywords

Refugees Humanitarian crisis Shelter Integration 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sofia Papadaki
    • 1
    Email author
  • Georgios Banias
    • 1
    • 2
  • Charisios Achillas
    • 1
    • 3
  • Dimitris Aidonis
    • 3
  • Dimitris Folinas
    • 3
  • Dionysis Bochtis
    • 2
  • Stamatis Papangelou
    • 4
  1. 1.International Hellenic University, School of Economics, Business Administration and Legal StudiesThermiGreece
  2. 2.Centre for Research and Technology – Hellas, Institute for Bio-economy and Agri-technologyThermiGreece
  3. 3.Department of LogisticsTechnological Educational Institute of Central Macedonia, Branch of KateriniKateriniGreece
  4. 4.University of Macedonia, School of EconomicsThessalonikiGreece

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