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Genomics of Insect Resistance

  • A. ButronEmail author
  • L. F. Samayoa
  • R. Santiago
  • B. Ordás
  • R. A. Malvar
Chapter
Part of the Compendium of Plant Genomes book series (CPG)

Abstract

The estimate of worldwide annual yield loss in maize due to pests ranges from 7 to 20%. Insects are among the most important pests of maize at all stages of development, from germination to grain filling, and can even be the main spoilers of grains in storage facilities. Each particular insect species shows preference for attacking a specific maize tissue, although other tissues are also susceptible to attack. Insect control has been achieved by diverse approaches, such as the use of insecticides, the modification of cultural practices, the use of biological methods involving parasitoids and sex pheromone-based mate-finding disruption, and the use of resistant cultivars based on monogenic or polygenic resistance. This chapter addresses the current knowledge about genomic regions and genes responsible for maize resistance to insect attack. The information on quantitative trait loci (QTL) and genes involved in resistance has been divided into six sections: (1) soil insects, (2) leaf feeders, (3) stem borers, (4) ear borers, (5) granary pests, and (6) relationships between maize genomics for resistance to insect and agronomical performance.

Keywords

Maize Resistance Insect Pest Yield Quantitative trait loci (QTL) 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Investigations done by our research group and reported in the current review have been funded by several projects of the National Plan for Research and Development of Spain, the project AGL2015-67313-C2-1-R being the most recent and funded in part by the European Regional Development Fund. B Ordás and R Santiago acknowledge their grants from the “Ramón y Cajal” program. B Ordás acknowledges CC Schön for providing the unpublished locations of QTL in Foiada et al. 2015.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Butron
    • 1
    Email author
  • L. F. Samayoa
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. Santiago
    • 3
    • 4
  • B. Ordás
    • 1
  • R. A. Malvar
    • 1
  1. 1.Misión Biológica de Galicia (CSIC)PontevedraSpain
  2. 2.Department of Crop ScienceNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  3. 3.Facultad de Biología, Dpto. Biología Vegetal y Ciencias del SueloUniversidad de VigoVigoSpain
  4. 4.Agrobiología Ambiental, Calidad de Suelos y Plantas (UVIGO)Unidad Asociada a la Misión Biológica de Galicia (CSIC)VigoSpain

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