Advertisement

Euroscepticism at the EP Elections in 2014: A Reflection of the Different Patterns of Opposition to the EU?

  • Birte WassenbergEmail author
Chapter
Part of the European Administrative Governance book series (EAGOV)

Abstract

This chapter questions both theoretically and historically the link between Euroscepticism and European elections. It first investigates in detail the relationship between Euroscepticism and European elections, taking into account the ‘historical’ development of anti-EU political forces in the European Parliament (EP). It then proceeds with a country-specific, differentiated analysis of the 2014 EP elections which identifies different logics working behind the general banner of opposition to the EU. Finally, it embeds the current results of the EP elections into the general framework of European integration by demonstrating that we are confronted with a deeply rooted phenomenon of Euroscepticism that has accompanied this process from the start.

References

  1. Abst, K., & Krouwel, A. (2007). Varieties of Euroscepticism and Populist Mobilization: Transforming Attitudes from Mild Euroscepticism to Harsh Eurocynicism. Acta Politica, 42(2–3), 252–270.Google Scholar
  2. Alatalu, T. (2016). Estonia: Party-Based EU Loyalty, Our-Guy-In-The-EP-Based Euroscepticism and the Russian’s Attitude still Unclear. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 197–219.Google Scholar
  3. Alexandre-Collier, A. (2016). The British Conservative Party and the 2014 European Elections: Towards Harder Euroscepticism? In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 85–99.Google Scholar
  4. Arter, D. (2016). The Case of the Eurosceptic Tail Wagging the Dog? The 2014 European Parliament Election in Finland. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 103–117.Google Scholar
  5. Backes, U. (2016). Varianten des antieuropäischen Extremismus und die Europawahlen 2014. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 47–71.Google Scholar
  6. Bernard, E. (2013). Déficit démocratique et Parlement européen. In M. Gainar & M. Libera (Eds.), Contre l’Europe? Anti-européisme, euroscepticisme et alter-européisme dans la construction européenne de 1945 à nos jours (Volume 2): Acteurs institutionnels, milieux politiques et société civile (pp. 157–175). Stuttgart: Steiner-Verlag.Google Scholar
  7. Bernard, E. (2016). L’élection européenne de 2014: Vers une Union plus démocratique? In M. Libera, S. Schirmann, & B. Wassenberg (Eds.), Abstentionnisme, euroscepticisme et anti-européisme dans les élections européennes de 1979 à nos jours (pp. 31–45). Stuttgart: Steiner Verlag.Google Scholar
  8. Berrod, F. (2010). La persistance des résistances à l’Europe: quelles solutions juridiques? In: Wassenberg, Clavert, Hamman and Philippe, pp. 109–121.Google Scholar
  9. Bertoncini, Y., & Chopin, T. (2014). Des visages sur des clivages. Les élections européennes de mai 2014. Paris: Notre Europe, Etudes et rapports.Google Scholar
  10. Bitsch, M.-T. (2010). Préface. In: Wassenberg, Clavert and Hamman, pp. 19–27.Google Scholar
  11. Bitsch, M.-T. (2016). Introduction. In: Libera, Schirmann and Wassenberg, pp. 15–31.Google Scholar
  12. Blanc, M. (2010). Postface: rêves d’Europe. In: Wassenberg, Clavert and Hamman, pp. 449–489.Google Scholar
  13. Clavert, F. (2010). Les concepts et fondements théoriques de l’opposition à l’euro. In: Wassenberg, Clavert and Hamman, pp. 195–207.Google Scholar
  14. Costa, O. (2001). Le Parlement européen, assemblée délibérante. Brussels: Editions de l’Université de Bruxelles.Google Scholar
  15. Courrier International. (2014, May 26). Européennes 2014. La grande victoire de l’abstention, Paris.Google Scholar
  16. Crespy, A., & Verschueren, N. (2010). Les résistances à l’Europe: une approche interdisciplinaire des conflits sur l’intégration européenne. In: Wassenberg, Clavert and Hamman, pp. 121–141.Google Scholar
  17. Csingár, P. (2016). Der parteipolitische Euroskeptizismus der Gegenwart und der letzten Jahre in Ungarn. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 181–197.Google Scholar
  18. Cunha, A. (2016). The 2014 European Parliament Elections in Portugal and the Lost Cause of Anti-Europeanism. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 67–81.Google Scholar
  19. Deloye, Y. (Ed.). (2005). Dictionnaire des élections européennes. Paris: Economica.Google Scholar
  20. Easton, D. (1965). A Systems Analysis of Political Life. New York: John Wiley.Google Scholar
  21. Elorza, A. (2016). Podemos: The Road to Power. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 27–41.Google Scholar
  22. Ersson, S. (2016). The 2014 European Election in Sweden and Euroscepticism. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 81–103.Google Scholar
  23. Fabbrini, S. (2015). Which European Union? Europe After the Euro Crisis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gainar, M., & Libera, M. (Eds.). (2013). Contre l’Europe? Ani-européisme, euroscepticisme et alter-européisme dans la construction européenne de 1945 à nos jours (Volume 2): Acteurs institutionnels, milieux politiques et société civile. Stuttgart: Steiner Verlag.Google Scholar
  25. Hamman, P. (2010). Un regard sociologique: penser les résistances à la construction européenne, des concepts aux territoires. In: Wassenberg, Clavert and Hamman, pp. 39–61.Google Scholar
  26. Hanley, D. (2016). The UK Independence Party: Gathering Up the Periphery? In Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 113–131.Google Scholar
  27. Harmsen, R., & Spiering, M. (Eds.). (2004). Euroscepticism: Party Politics, National Identity and European Integration. Amsterdam: Rodopi.Google Scholar
  28. Hastings, M. (2005). Les élections européennes de juin 2004. In: Deloye, pp. 536–554.Google Scholar
  29. Ivaldi, G. (2016). Le Front National and the Politics of Euroscepticism in France. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 131–149.Google Scholar
  30. Jauzein, M. (2016). Evolutions institutionnelles et élections européennes: une analyse à la lumière du processus d’adoption du traité de Lisbonne. In: Libera, Schirmann and Wassenberg, pp. 45–63.Google Scholar
  31. Kaniok, P. (2016). Eurosceptics we Remain? Czech Republic, Euroscepticism and the 2014 EP Election. In: Moreau, Wassenberg, pp. 147–163.Google Scholar
  32. Konstantinidis, I. (2016). Anti-Europeanism on the Rise: The Case of Greece. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 41–55.Google Scholar
  33. Kopecky, P., & Mudde, C. (2002). The Two Sides of Euroscepticism: Party Positions on European Integration in East Central Europe. European Union Politics, 3(3), 297–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lacroix, J., & Coman, R. (Eds.). (2007). Les résistances à l’Europe. Cultures nationales, idéologies et stratégies d’acteurs. Brussels: Université de Bruxelles.Google Scholar
  35. Lang, S. (2010). Kein Integrationsfortschritt ohne Kritik. Die Funktion Europakritischer Positionen für die Weiterentwicklung der europäischen Integration. In: Wassenberg, Clavert and Hamman, pp. 61–93.Google Scholar
  36. Lefèbvre, J.-B. (2005). Le Parlement européen: expression d’une démocratie européenen? In E. Du Réau, C. Manigand, & T. Sandu (Eds.), Dynamiques et résistances politiques dans le nouvel espace européen (pp. 161–167). Paris: Harmattan.Google Scholar
  37. Libera, M. (2016). Le succès des anti-Européens aux élections européennes de 2014: le poids de l’Histoire, la responsabilité des politiques européennes et le concours de la conjoncture. In Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 39–47.Google Scholar
  38. Libera, M., Schirmann, S., & Wassenberg, B. (Eds.). (2016). Abstentionnisme, euroscepticisme et anti-européisme dans les élections européennes de 1979 à nos jours. Stutgart: Steiner-Verlag.Google Scholar
  39. Lindberg, L., & Scheingold, S. (1970). Europe’s Would-Be Polity: Patterns of Change in the European Community. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  40. Moreau, P. (2016). The FPÖ: A Winner Party? The 2014 Elections to the European Parliament Compared with the 2013 Legislative Elections. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 117–147.Google Scholar
  41. Moreau, P., & Wassenberg, B. (Eds.). (2016a). European Integration and new Anti-Europeanism I, The 2014 European Election and the Rise of Euroscepticism in Western Europe. Stuttgart: Steiner Verlag.Google Scholar
  42. Moreau, P., & Wassenberg, B. (Eds.). (2016b). European Integration and new Anti-Europeanism II, The 2014 European Election and New Anti-European Forces in southern, Northern and Eastern Europe. Stuttgart: Steiner Verlag.Google Scholar
  43. Müller-Härlin, M. (2010). Die Gegner Europas: Argumentationsmuster im politischen Diskurs. In: Wassenberg, Clavert and Hamman, pp. 141–155.Google Scholar
  44. Neu, V. (2016). Die AFD in Deutschland. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 149–169.Google Scholar
  45. Neumayer, R. A., & Zalewski, F. (Eds.). (2008). L’Europe contestée. Espaces et enjeux des positionnements contre l’intégration européenne. Paris: Lignes de Repères.Google Scholar
  46. Otjes, S., & Voerman, G. (2016). Four flavours of Euroscepticism in the Netherlands. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 185–205.Google Scholar
  47. Pasquinucci, D. (2016). ‘Second Generation’ Euroscepticism: The Five Star Movement and the European Union. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 169–185.Google Scholar
  48. Rambour, M. (2010). Les oppositions à l’Europe sont-elles structurées politiquement ? In: Wassenberg, Clavert and Hamman, pp. 93–109.Google Scholar
  49. Rambour, M. (2016). Des élections européennes sans électeurs? De quelques caractéristiques électorales (1979–2009). In M. Libera, S. Schirmann, & B. Wassenberg (Eds.), (pp. 63–79).Google Scholar
  50. Reif, K., & Schmitt, H. (1980). Nine Second-Order National Elections: A Conceptual Framework for the Analysis of European Elections. European Journal of Political Research, 8(1), 3–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Rovny, J. (2004). Conceptualising Party-Based Euroscepticism: Magnitude and Motivations. Bruges: College of Europe.Google Scholar
  52. Rozenvalds, J. (2016). Russian-speakers in Latvia: Between Brussels, Riga and Moscow. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 219–235.Google Scholar
  53. Spáč, P. (2016). Anti-Europeanism and Euroscepticism in Slovakia. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 163–181.Google Scholar
  54. Spiering, M. (2004). British Euroscepticism. In R. Harmsen & M. Spiering (Eds.), Euroscepticism: Party Politics, National Identity and European Integration (pp. 127–150). Amsterdam: Rodopi.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Stergiou, A. (2016). Euroscepticism in Cyprus. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 55–67.Google Scholar
  56. Taggart, P., & Szerbiak, A. (Eds.). (2008). Opposing Europe? The Comparative Party Politics of Euroscepticism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  57. Tournier-Sol, K. (2016). The 2014 Elections to the European Parliament in the UK; The United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) and the British National Party (BNP). In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 99–113.Google Scholar
  58. Trefás, D. (2010). Die Vielfalt des Euroskeptizismen in der öffentlichen Kommunikation: eine Analyse der Debatte um die europäische Verfassung 2005 in der deutschen und britischen Kommunikationsarena. In: Wassenberg, Clavert and Hamman, pp. 249–269.Google Scholar
  59. Usherwood, S. (2013). Margaret Thatcher and British Opposition to European Integration: Saint or Sinner? In: Gainar, Libera, pp. 75–87.Google Scholar
  60. Veivodová, P. (2016). The Anti-EU Groups in the European Parliament. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 71–85.Google Scholar
  61. Wassenberg, B. (2007). Les campagnes pour les élections européennes de 1979, en France et en Allemagne. In B. Marie-Thérèse, W. Loth, & C. Barthel (Eds.), Cultures politiques, opinions publiques et intégration européenne (pp. 263–284). Bruylant: Brussels.Google Scholar
  62. Wassenberg, B. (2011). Regards croisés sur la construction européenne. Diversité des coopérations et des résistances à l’Europe. Habilitation Thesis, vol. 1, Strasbourg.Google Scholar
  63. Wassenberg, B. (2016). European Integration and New Anti-Europeanism. In: Moreau and Wassenberg, pp. 27–39.Google Scholar
  64. Wassenberg, B., Clavert, F., & Hamman, P. (Eds.). (2010). Contre l’Europe ?, Anti-européisme, euroscepticisme et alter-européisme dans la construction européenne de 1945 à nos jours (Volume I) : les concepts. Stuttgart: Steiner Verlag.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IEPUniversité de StrasbourgStrasbourgFrance

Personalised recommendations