Burns Mass Casualty Incident
Burns and thermal injuries are common in sudden mass casualty incidents (SMCIs) associated with explosions and fires (Figs. 6.1 and 6.2) and may present in the form of radiation, chemical, or flame burns. In addition, all types of burns may be associated with inhalation of fumes or vapor that further damages the airway and lungs.
Principles of triage of burn patients during a SMCI follow the same triage criteria as discussed previously, and the initial management follows the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS)® and Advanced Burn Life Support (ABLS)® guidelines for burn patients, with or without combined traumatic injuries.