Eternal Futurostan: Myths, Fantasies and the Making of Astana in Post-Soviet Kazakhstan

  • Mikhail Akulov
Part of the International Political Theory book series (IPoT)


The chapter focuses on the manner whereby myths and fantasies are finessed by the contemporary Kazakhstani state to legitimize its modernizing drives. Placed side by side, they constitute a teleological story of the Kazakh Becoming from the barely intelligible past into the distant future. Furthermore, the ideological aspects of that unified legitimation discourse morph into the physicality of the new Kazakh capital of Astana, turning it into a model Utopia in the middle of a [still] untamed steppe. The final part of the chapter briefly touches upon reactions of ordinary Kazakhstanis to this imbrication of objects and ideas. Although not reprobating, their reactions permit to register a widening cleft between the ideal as imagined by the authorities and the real as experienced by the rest.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mikhail Akulov
    • 1
  1. 1.Nazarbayev UniversityAstanaKazakhstan

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