Embodied Activities

  • Cornelia GerhardtEmail author
  • Elisabeth Reber


In this introductory chapter, we propose embodied activities as coherent courses of actions in which participants engage in social interaction. After tracing the advent of key notions and concepts in linguistics, philosophy, anthropology, and sociology, the focus of the theoretical background to this volume lies on empirical studies on embodied activities in Conversation Analysis. The introduction finishes with an overview of the papers in this volume.


  1. Atkinson, John Maxwell. 1982. Understanding formality: The categorization and production of ‘formal’ interaction. British Journal of Sociology 33 (1): 86–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Atkinson, John Maxwell, and Paul Drew. 1979. Order in court: The organisation of verbal interaction in judicial settings. London: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arnold, Lynnette. 2012. Dialogic embodied action: Using gesture to organize sequence and participation in instructional interaction. Research on Language and Social Interaction 45 (3): 269–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Auer, Peter, Martin Hilpert, Anja Stukenbrock, Anja Szmrecsanyi, and Benedikt Szmrecsanyi (eds.). 2013. Space in language and linguistics. Berlin: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  5. Austin, John L. 1962. How to do things with words: The William James lectures delivered in Harvard University in 1955. Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar
  6. Ayass, Ruth, and Cornelia Gerhardt. 2012. The appropriation of media in everyday life [Pragmatics and beyond new series 224]. Amsterdam: Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bauman, Richard, and Joel Sherzer. 1975. Explorations in the ethnography of speaking. Annual Review of Anthropology 4: 95–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1977. Outline of a theory of practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Brown, Penelope, and Stephen C. Levinson. 1979. Social structure, groups and interaction. In Social markers in speech, ed. Howard Giles and Klaus R. Scherer, 291–341. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Clayman, Steven E., and Jon Heritage. 2002. The news interview: Journalists and public figures on the air. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Clark, Herbert H. 1996. Using language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Drew, Paul, and Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen. 2014. Requesting—From speech act to recruitment. In Requesting in social interaction, ed. Paul Drew and Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen, 1–34. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
  13. Drew, Paul, and John Heritage (eds.). 1992. Talk at work: Interaction in institutional settings [Studies in interactional sociolinguistics 3]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Frobenius, Maximiliane, and Cornelia Gerhardt. 2017. Discourse and organisation. In Handbook of pragmatics 11: Pragmatics of social media, ed. Wolfram Bublitz and Christian Hoffmann, 245–274. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton.Google Scholar
  15. Garfinkel, Harold. 1967. Studies in ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  16. Garfinkel, Harold, and Harvey Sacks. 1970. On formal structures of practical actions. In Theoretical sociology: Perspectives and developments, ed. John C. McKinney and Edward A. Tiryakian, 337–366. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.Google Scholar
  17. Gerhardt, Cornelia. 2006. Moving closer to the audience: Watching football on television. Revista Alicantina de Estudios Ingleses: Special Issue on Linguistics and Media Discourse 19: 125–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gerhardt, Cornelia. 2007. Watching television: The dilemma of gaze. Toegepaste Taalwetenschap in Artikelen 77 (91–101): 140.Google Scholar
  19. Gerhardt, Cornelia. 2014. Appropriating live televised football through talk [Studies in pragmatics 13]. Leiden: Brill.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gerhardt, Cornelia, Volker Eisenlauer, and Maximiliane Frobenius. 2014. Editorial: Participation framework revisited: (New) Media and their audiences/users. Journal of Pragmatics 72: 1–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Goffman, Erving. 1961. Encounters: Two studies in the sociology of interaction. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.Google Scholar
  22. Goffman, Erving. 1979. Footing. Semiotica 25 (1–2): 1–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Goodwin, Charles. 1984. Notes on story structure and the organization of participation. In Structures of social action: Studies in conversation analysis, ed. John Maxwell Atkinson and John Heritage, 225–246. London: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Goodwin, Charles. 1994. Professional vision. American Anthropologist 96 (3): 606–633.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Goodwin, Marjorie. 1980a. He-said-she-said: Formal cultural proceedings for the construction of a gossip dispute activity. American Ethnologist 7 (4): 674–695.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Goodwin, Marjorie. 1980b. Processes of mutual monitoring implicated in the production of description sequences. Sociological Inquiry 50 (3–4): 303–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Grice, H. Paul. 1975. Logic and conversation. In Syntax and semantics, vol. 3, speech acts, ed. Peter Cole and Jerry L. Morgan, 41–58. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  28. Gumperz, John J. 1999. On interactional sociolinguistic method. In Talk, work and institutional order: Discourse in medical, mediation and management settings, ed. Srikant Sarangi and Celia Roberts, 453–472. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Heath, Christian. 1982. The display of recipiency: An instance of a sequential relationship in speech and body movement. Semiotica 42 (2/4): 147–167.Google Scholar
  30. Heath, Christian. 1984. Talk and recipiency: Sequential organization in speech and body movement. In Structures of social action, ed. John Maxwell Atkinson and John Heritage, 247–265. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Haddington, Pentti, Lorenza Mondada, and Maurice Nevile (eds.). 2013. Interaction and mobility: Language and the body in motion. Berlin: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  32. Haddington, Pentti, Tiina Keisanen, Lorenza Mondada, and Maurice Nevile (eds.). 2014. Multiactivity in social interaction: Beyond multitasking. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
  33. Hall, Edward T. 1969. The hidden dimension. New York: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  34. Heritage, John. 2010. Conversation analysis: Practices and methods. In Qualitative sociology, ed. David Silverman, 208–230. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  35. Heritage, John, and Marja-Leena Sorjonen. 1994. Constituting and maintaining activities across sequences and prefacing as a feature of question design. Language in Society 23 (1): 1–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Hymes, Dell. 1962. The ethnography of speaking. In Anthropology and human behavior, ed. Thomas Gladwin and William C. Sturtevant, 13–53. Washington: Anthropological Society Washington.Google Scholar
  37. Hymes, Dell. 1972. Models of the interaction of language and social life. In Directions in sociolinguistics: The ethnography of communication, ed. John J. Gumperz and Dell Hymes, 35–71. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  38. Jefferson, Gail. 1978. Sequential aspects of storytelling in conversation. In Studies in the organization of conversational interaction, ed. Jim Schenkein, 219–248. New York: Academic Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Jefferson, Gail. 1988. On the sequential organization of troubles-talk in ordinary conversation. Social Problems 35 (4): 418–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Keevallik, Leelo. 2013. The interdependence of bodily demonstrations and clausal syntax. Research on Language and Social Interaction 46 (1): 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Kupetz, Maxi. 2015. Empathie im Gespräch – Eine interaktionslinguistische Perspektive. Tübingen: Stauffenburg Linguistik.Google Scholar
  42. Lave, Jean, and Etienne Wenger. 1991. Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Levinson, Stephen C. 1992. Activity types and language. In Talk at work, ed. Paul Drew and John Heritage, 66–100. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  44. Levinson, Stephen C. 2013. Action formation and ascription. In The handbook of conversation analysis, ed. Jack Sidnell and Tanya Stivers, 103–130. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  45. Linell, Per. 2009. Rethinking language, mind and world dialogically: Interactional and contextual theories of human sense-making. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.Google Scholar
  46. Linell, Per. 2010. Communicative activity types as organisations in discourses, and discourses in organisations. In Discourses in interaction, ed. Sanna-Kaisa Tanskanen, Marja-Liisa Helasvuo, Marjut Johansson, and Mia Raitaniemi, 33–60. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Luff, Paul, Jon Hindmarsh, and Christian Heath. 2000. Workplace studies: Recovering work practice and informing system design. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Mazeland, Harrie, and Jan Berenst. 2008. Sorting pupils in a report-card meeting: Categorization in a situated activity system. Text and Talk 28 (1): 55–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. McHoul, Alec. 1978. The organization of turns at formal talk in the classroom. Language in Society 7 (2): 183–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Mondada, Lorenza. 2008. Using video for a sequential and multimodal analysis of social interaction: Videotaping institutional telephone calls [88 paragraphs]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research 9 (3): Art. 39.
  51. Nevile, Maurice, Pentti Haddington, Trine Heinemann, and Mirka Rauniomaa (eds.). 2014. Interacting with objects: Language, materiality, and social activity. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
  52. Reber, Elisabeth. 2012. Affectivity in interaction: Sound objects in English. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Robinson, Jeffrey D. 2003. An interactional structure of medical activities during acute visits and its implications for patients’ participation. Health Communication 15 (1): 27–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Robinson, Jeffrey D. 2013. Overall structural organization. In The handbook of conversation analysis, ed. Jack Sidnell and Tanya Stivers, 257–280. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  55. Sacks, Harvey. 1972. On the analyzability of stories by children. In Directions in sociolinguistics: The ethnography of communication, ed. John J. Gumperz and Dell Hymes, 325–345. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  56. Sacks, Harvey. 1992. Lectures on conversation, volume II, ed. Harvey Sacks, Gail Jefferson, and Emanuel Schegloff. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  57. Sacks, Harvey, Emanuel A. Schegloff, and Gail Jefferson. 1974. A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language 50 (4): 696–735.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Schegloff, Emanuel A. 1988. Presequences and indirection: Applying speech act theory to ordinary conversation. Journal of Pragmatics 12 (1): 55–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Schegloff, Emanuel A. 1997. Practices and actions: Boundary cases of other-initiated repair. Discourse Processes 23 (3): 499–545.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Schegloff, Emanuel A. 2007. Sequence organization in interaction: A primer in conversation analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Searle, John R. 1969. Speech acts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Stivers, Tanya. 2008. Stance, alignment and affiliation during story telling: When nodding is a token of preliminary affiliation. Research on Language in Social Interaction 41 (1): 29–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Stivers, Tanya. 2013. Sequence organization. In The handbook of conversation analysis, ed. Jack Sidnell and Tanya Stivers, 191–209. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  64. Stivers, Tanya, and Federico Rossano. 2010. Mobilizing response. Research on Language in Social Interaction 43 (1): 1–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Wittgenstein, Ludwig. 1958 [1953]. Philosophical investigations. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Saarland UniversitySaarbrückenGermany
  2. 2.University of WürzburgWürzburgGermany

Personalised recommendations