Human Red Blood Cell Properties and Sedimentation Rate: A Biomechanical Study

  • Natalya KizilovaEmail author
  • Liliya Batyuk
  • Vitalina Baranets
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 831)


Human blood is widely used for clinical diagnostics due to its easy accessibility and high sensitivity for any metabolic disorders and diseases. In the paper different mechanical and electric properties of red blood cells (RBC) useful for diagnostics are discussed. The experimental data on the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) test in its standard procedure and continuous computer assisted assessment are presented. The review of mathematical approaches for reasonable ESR estimation is given. The continuous model of blood as three phase suspension is used for numerical estimation of aggregate ability of RBC. The problem on RBC aggregation and sedimentation in a thin vertical tube is considered. A numerical solution of the formulated hyperbolic problem is obtained by the method of characteristics. Numerical computations have been carried out for a wide range of RBC parameters proper to healthy state and patients with cancer, drug and food allergy. It is shown the continuous sedimentation curves give more diagnostic information than the standard ESR value. Based on the experimental and theoretical study, a biomechanical interpretation of the ESR curves is proposed.


Biomechanics Erythrocyte sedimentation rate Medical diagnostics 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalya Kizilova
    • 1
    Email author
  • Liliya Batyuk
    • 2
  • Vitalina Baranets
    • 3
  1. 1.Warsaw University of TechnologyWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Kharkov National Medical UniversityKharkivUkraine
  3. 3.Kharkov National UniversityKharkivUkraine

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