Advertisement

Human Security in Singapore: Where Entitlement Feeds Insecurity

  • Belinda Chng
  • Sofiah Jamil
Chapter
Part of the Security, Development and Human Rights in East Asia book series (SDHRP)

Abstract

This chapter describes the paradoxical development of human security in Singapore. Despite achieving a high level of human security nationwide, the heavy top-down approach has not sufficiently empowered the Singaporean people. The authors enumerate the insecurities faced in Singapore, such as growing social inequality, increased risks for local enterprises, minority issues, and the unintended consequences of a highly active online community through social media. Given Singapore’s small size and its proximity to other states, the city state is aware of its vulnerability and hence needs to take steps to mitigate transnational risks, such as human trafficking, migrant worker issues, trans-border pollution, pandemics, and natural disasters, which could have a spill-over effect into Singapore. This chapter shows that the human security approach can be appropriate in developed as well as developing nations.

References

  1. Adam, Shamim, and Weiyi Lim. 2011. Singapore’s Lee Retains Power with Smallest Margin Since 1965. Bloomberg, May 8.Google Scholar
  2. Au, Alex Waipang. 2014. Manpower Director Makes Incredible Claims about How Well Migrant Workers Are Treated by Ministry. Yawning Bread, March 24.Google Scholar
  3. Annan, Kofi. 2005. In Larger Freedom: Towards Development, Security and Human Rights for All. New York: United Nations Publications.Google Scholar
  4. AsiaOne. 2011. George Yeo Not Standing for Elections in 5 Years. AsiaOne, May 11.Google Scholar
  5. AMP (Association of Malay Professionals). 2000. Malay Professionals Rebut LKY’s Policy on Malay Leadership. Think Centre, November 1.Google Scholar
  6. ASME (Association of Small and Medium Enterprises). 2012. The Sentiments from the Ground. http://www.asme.org.sg/downloads/ED%2045%20COMPLETE%20SET.23.pdf. Accessed August 7, 2014.
  7. Banu, Yasmeen. 2014. Geylang—MP Expresses Frustration, Wants ‘Major Clean Up’. The Online Citizen, April 2. http://www.theonlinecitizen.com/2014/04/geylang-mp-expresses-frustration-wants-major-clean-up/. Accessed 7 Aug 2017.
  8. Barclays Wealth and Investment Management. 2013. Origins and Legacy: The Changing Order of Wealth Creation. https://wealth.barclays.com/en_gb/home/research/research-centre/wealth-insights/volume-17.html. Accessed August 10, 2017.
  9. Campbell, Charlie. 2014. Singapore Provokes Outrage by Pulping Kids’ Books About Gay Families. Time, July 11.Google Scholar
  10. Chan, Robin. 2014. Policy, Implementation Both Vital: Civil Service Chief. The Straits Times, March 27.Google Scholar
  11. Channel News Asia. 2014. Don’t Be Confrontational on LGBT Issues: MUIS. June 20.Google Scholar
  12. Chia, Siow Yue. 2005. The Singapore Model of Industrial Policy: Past Evolution and Current Thinking. Paper presented at the Second LAEBA Annual Conference, Buenos Aires, November 28–29.Google Scholar
  13. Chua, Trinity. 2014. Pink Dot and Muslims. The Independent Singapore, June 27.Google Scholar
  14. Economist Intelligence Unit. 2014. Worldwide Cost of Living Survey 2014. London: EIU.Google Scholar
  15. Elections Department Singapore. 2014. Parliamentary Election Results. http://www.eld.gov.sg/elections_past_parliamentary.html. Accessed 7 Aug 2014.
  16. Francesca. 2012. Domestic Workers Cheer New Day-Off Rule, Struggle with Memories of Work Without Rest. http://twc2.org.sg/2012/03/08/domestic-workers-cheer-new-day-off-rule-struggle-with-memories-of-work-without-rest/. Accessed 7 Nov 2017.
  17. Hodal, Kate. 2012. Singapore’s Maids to Get a Day Off. The Guardian, March 6.Google Scholar
  18. IPS (Institute of Policy Studies). 2014. Summary Report from the Forum on CPF and Retirement Adequacy. Singapore: NUS.Google Scholar
  19. Kiasu Parents. n.d. About Full-Time Maids. http://www.kiasuparents.com/kiasu/forum/viewtopic.php?p=263924. Accessed 7 Nov 2017.
  20. Kotwani, Monica. 2014. Parliament Passes Transboundary Haze Pollution Bill. Channel NewsAsia, August 5. http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/parliament-passes/1297832.html. Accessed 6 Nov 2014.
  21. Kwara, Michelle. 2014. Catholic Church in Singapore Reiterates ‘Consistent’ Position on LGBT Issue in Reply to Wijeysingha. https://sg.news.yahoo.com/vincent-wijeysingha-hits-out-at-singapore-archbishop-s-open-letter-about-lgbt-individuals-030444396.html. Accessed August 7, 2017.
  22. MHA (Ministry of Home Affairs). 2014. Report of the Committee of Inquiry into the Little India Riot on 8 December 2013. Singapore: Ministry of Home Affairs.Google Scholar
  23. MOM (Ministry of Manpower). 2013. National Wages Council (NWC) Guidelines 2013/2014. Singapore: Ministry of Manpower.Google Scholar
  24. MOT (Ministry of Transport). 2012. Report on the Committee of Inquiry (COI) into the Disruption of MRT Train Services on 15 and 17 December 2011. Singapore: Ministry of Transport. https://www.mot.gov.sg/news/COI%20report%20-%20Executive%20Summary.pdf
  25. MSFD (Ministry of Social and Family Development). 2014. Progress of the Malay Community in Singapore since 1980. Singapore: Ministry of Social and Family Development.Google Scholar
  26. Mutalib, Hussin. 2012. Singapore Malays: Being Ethnic Minority and Muslim in a Global City-State. New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Pink Dot SG. 2014. For Family, For Friends, For Love. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3iGKeIbxDoQ. Accessed 7 Aug 2017.
  28. Poh, Eileen.2014. Reading Event in Response to NLB Book Withdrawal Draws a Crowd. Channel NewsAsia, July 13.Google Scholar
  29. PMO (Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore). 2007. Administrative Officers, Political, Judicial and Statutory Appointment Holders to Get 4% to 21% Pay Increase. Singapore: Prime Minister’s Office.Google Scholar
  30. ———. 2012. Life is More Complicated Than Black and White. http://issuu.com/challengeonline/docs/challenge-mar2012-single/22. Accessed 7 Nov 2017.
  31. ———. 2014. Transcript of Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong’s Dialogue at IIMpact Gala Dinner. Singapore: Prime Minister’s Office. https://www.pmo.gov.sg/newsroom/transcript-prime-minister-lee-hsien-loongs-dialogue-iimpact-gala-dinner. Accessed 30 Sept 2014.
  32. Our Singapore Conversation Secretariat. 2013. Reflections of Our Singapore Conversation. Our Singapore Conversation Secretariat: Singapore, October 2013. http://www.reach.gov.sg/Portals/0/Microsite/osc/OSC_Reflection.pdf. Accessed 7 Nov 2014.Google Scholar
  33. Salleh, Mohamad, and Nur Asyqin. 2014. Parliament: Singaporeans Planning to Support or Join ISIS Will Be Dealt with Under the Law. The Straits Times, October 7.Google Scholar
  34. Singapore Motherhood. n.d. Bad Maid? Post Here!!!. http://singaporemotherhood.com/forum/threads/bad-maid-post-here.4207/. Accessed 6 Nov 2014.
  35. Singapore Police Force. 2014. Crime Rate Falls to 30-Year Low. Annual Crime Brief, February 14.Google Scholar
  36. Singh, Inderjit. 2013. Speech on the White Paper on Population. https://www.facebook.com/100000502271288/posts/598891680137569/. Accessed 7 Mar 2018.
  37. ———. 2014. Response to the President Address at the Re-Opening of 2nd Session of Parliament May 2014. https://www.facebook.com/kbinderjit/posts/864760460217355. Accessed 8 Aug 8 2017.
  38. Tang, See Kit. 2018. Singapore’s Household Income Grew in 2017, Income Inequality Unchanged: Singstat. Channel NewsAsia, February 8.Google Scholar
  39. The Economist. 2011. A Win-Win Election? The Economist Online, May 8. http://www.economist.com/blogs/banyan/2011/05/singapores_election. Accessed 7 Aug 2017.
  40. The New Paper, RazorTV. 2011. George Yeo: PAP Must Change. The New Paper, May 6.Google Scholar
  41. The Straits Times. 2014. NLB ‘Saddened by’ Reaction over Its Removal of Three Books with Homosexuality Themes, Says Chief Executive. The Straits Times, July 13.Google Scholar
  42. UNDP (United Nations Development Programme). 2013. Human Development Report 2013. New York: UNDP.Google Scholar
  43. ———. 2016. Human Development Report 2016. New York: UNDP.Google Scholar
  44. World Bank. n.d. Singapore. Washington, DC: The World Bank.Google Scholar
  45. Yeoh, Lam Keong, Donald Low, and Manu Bhaskaran. 2012. Rethinking Singapore’s Social Compact. Globalis Asian, 13 (January–March). Singapore: Institute of Policy Studies.Google Scholar

Interviews

  1. Political Grassroots Source #1. 2014. Interviewed by author in Singapore, May 19.Google Scholar
  2. CSO Source #1. 2014. Interviewed by author in Singapore, April 7.Google Scholar
  3. Civil Service Source #1. 2014. Interviewed by author in Singapore, April 11.Google Scholar
  4. Civil Service Source #2. 2014. Interviewed by author in Singapore, April 10.Google Scholar
  5. Civil Service Source #3. 2014. Interviewed by author via email, March 17.Google Scholar
  6. TIP Participatory Observation. 2014. Authors at Public Consultation for Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Bill in Singapore, April.Google Scholar
  7. Dialogue Session at the IIMPACT Gala Dinner. YouTube video, 2:53. Posted by ‘Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore,’ August 28, 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-i0_zuGEow0&index=5&list=PLqvAkd0-laMfuTGK5KeJMrwr61v4PrE0p. Accessed November 6, 2017.
  8. National Day Rally 2014 - Full Speech in English. YouTube video, 1:25:41. Posted by ‘Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore,’ August 17, 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x2wsTopymmk. Accessed November 6, 2017.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Asia CenterMilken InstituteSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

Personalised recommendations