The Emergence of Pan-European Film Studios and Its Implications for Co-production Studies and Policy
The last decade has seen an unprecedented wave of corporate development in the European film and television industries, with several major companies becoming vertically and horizontally integrated while also simultaneously expanding into international sales and distribution markets. Such changes fundamentally alter the landscape of the continent’s media industries, which have up to now been characterized by national and linguistic fragmentation and distinct separations between production and distribution. This chapter provides an overview of these historical changes, highlighting relevant developments at firms such as Studiocanal, Pathé and Wild Bunch, among others, and examines the implications of these changes for Europe’s co-production policy regime, which has long been predicated on the need to overcome the fragmentation of the European industries.
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